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Short-term to long-term employment effects of the Football World Cup 1974 in Germany

Author

Listed:
  • Florian Hagn
  • Wolfgang Maennig

    () (Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg)

Abstract

This study demonstrates that the Football World Cup 1974 in Germany was not able to generate any short to long-term employment effects that were significantly different from zero. It is the first work to examine long-term employment effects of Football World Cup tournaments. It is also one of the first work to undertake a multivariate analysis of the employment effects of a major sporting event outside of the USA. In addition, this study does not arbitrarily determine the time period for the potential positive effects of a major sporting event but instead examines several alternative periods. Furthermore, the study tests for method sensitivity by analysing the data set in parallel with the approaches used in the studies of sporting events in the USA as well as in a fourth modifying estimation approach. In contrast to the conclusions reached in comparable studies, the results are not regarded as a clear refutation of the positive effects of major sporting events.

Suggested Citation

  • Florian Hagn & Wolfgang Maennig, 2007. "Short-term to long-term employment effects of the Football World Cup 1974 in Germany," Working Papers 009, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg.
  • Handle: RePEc:hce:wpaper:009
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    File URL: http://www.hced.uni-hamburg.de/WorkingPapers/HCED_09.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2007
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    Cited by:

    1. Robert Baumann & Victor Matheson & Chihiro Muroi, 2008. "Bowling in Hawaii: Examining the Effectiveness of Sports-Based Tourism Strategies," Working Papers 0808, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.
    2. Dennis Coates & Victor Matheson, 2011. "Mega-events and housing costs: raising the rent while raising the roof?," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 46(1), pages 119-137, February.
    3. Robert A. BAADE & Robert W. BAUMANN & Victor A. MATHESON, 2010. "Slippery Slope ? Assessing The Economic Impact Of The 2002 Winter Olympic Games In Salt Lake City, Utah," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 31, pages 81-92.
    4. Robert Baumann & Bryan Engelhardt & Victor Matheson, 2009. "Hail to the Chief: Assessing the Economic Impact of Presidential Inaugurations on the Washington, D.C. Local Economy," Working Papers 0901, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Regional economics; sports economics; World Cup; Stadium Impact;

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • R53 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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