The U.S. Earned Income Tax Credit, its Effects, and Possible Reforms
In this paper, I first summarize how the U.S. Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) operates and describe the characteristics of recipients. I then discuss empirical work on the effects of the EITC on poverty and income distribution, and its effects on labor supply. Next, I discuss a few policy concerns about the EITC: possible negative effects on hours of work and marriage, and problems of compliance with the tax system. I then briefly discuss some possible reforms to the structure of the current EITC.
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- Boone, Jan & Bovenberg, Lans, 2006.
"Optimal welfare and in-work benefits with search unemployment and observable abilities,"
Journal of Economic Theory,
Elsevier, vol. 126(1), pages 165-193, January.
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- Christopher A. Pissarides, 2000. "Equilibrium Unemployment Theory, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262161877, June.
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