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The Relationship between Food Assistance, the Value of Food Acquired, and Household Food security

Listed author(s):
  • Beth Osborne
  • Melvin Stephens

The research presented examines household food spending relative to households need for food and the relationship between food expenditures and measures of food security. Using data from the Current Population Survey and the Consumer Expenditure Survey, we find that Food Stamp households that do not receive at least 75% of their (Extended) Thrifty Food Plan amount from Food Stamps are worse off with respect to their food expenditures than those that receive at least 75% of their needs from the Food Stamp program. While having an elderly person in the home is associated with a higher probability of not spending enough on food, households with at least one elderly person have a lower probability of reporting food insecurity than statistically comparable households. We find that among Food Stamp participating households, those that achieve at least 90 percent of their Thrifty Food Plan amount devote lower shares of their expenditures to apparel, child care, housing, utilities, and entertainment relative to the households that do not achieve this food expenditure threshold.

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Paper provided by Harris School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago in its series Working Papers with number 0408.

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Date of creation: Mar 2004
Handle: RePEc:har:wpaper:0408
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