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Labour mobility and the informal sector in Algeria: a cross-sectional comparison (2007-2012)

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  • Philippe Adair

    () (ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12, TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Youghourta Bellache

    (ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12)

Abstract

Thanks to a multinomial logit model, we identify the determinants of access to the various labour market segments in Bejaia, a central-eastern region of Algeria. We first use cross-sectional analysis upon two samples of 1,252 and 2,026 individuals collected from two household surveys we have conducted in 2007 and 2012. The labour market patterns encompass the formal/ informal divide as well segmentation within the informal sector–upper tiersvs. lower tier. Determinants of labour mobility depend on the social and demographic characteristics (age, gender and marital status) and human capital of individuals. Then, we sketch an exploratory investigation upon a small cohort of 445 individuals between 2007 and 2012. The aforementioned determinants explain the significant mobility of individuals taking place across sectors that is oriented towards the informal sector. To a lesser extent, individuals shift within the informal sector itself, which is essentially limited to its ‘lower tier’ segment.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Adair & Youghourta Bellache, 2014. "Labour mobility and the informal sector in Algeria: a cross-sectional comparison (2007-2012)," Working Papers halshs-01100244, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-01100244
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01100244
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Maloney, William F., 2004. "Informality Revisited," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 1159-1178, July.
    2. Günther, Isabel & Launov, Andrey, 2006. "Competitive and Segmented Informal Labor Markets," IZA Discussion Papers 2349, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Boris Najman & Ariane Pailhé, 2001. "Mobilité externe sur le marché du travail russe, 1994-1998. Une approche en termes d'activités," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 52(4), pages 861-884.
    4. Todaro, Michael P, 1969. "A Model for Labor Migration and Urban Unemployment in Less Developed Countries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(1), pages 138-148, March.
    5. Youghourta Bellache & Philippe Adair & Mohamed Bouznit, 2014. "Secteur informel et segmentation de l'emploi à Bejaia (Algérie) : déterminants et fonctions de gains," Mondes en développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(2), pages 31-44.
    6. Günther, Isabel & Launov, Andrey, 2012. "Informal employment in developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(1), pages 88-98.
    7. Philippe ADAIR & Youghourta BELLACHE, 2012. "Emploi Et Secteur Informels En Algérie : Déterminants, Segmentation Et Mobilité De La Main-D’Œuvre," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 35, pages 121-149.
    8. Fields, Gary S., 1975. "Rural-urban migration, urban unemployment and underemployment, and job-search activity in LDCs," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 165-187, June.
    9. Maloney, William F, 1999. "Does Informality Imply Segmentation in Urban Labor Markets? Evidence from Sectoral Transitions in Mexico," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 13(2), pages 275-302, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Tansel, Aysit & Ozdemir, Zeynel / A., 2014. "Determinants of Transitions across Formal/Informal sectors in Egypt," MPRA Paper 61183, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Tansel, Aysit & Ozdemir, Zeynel / A., 2014. "Determinants of Transitions across Formal/Informal sectors in Egypt," MPRA Paper 61183, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    Keywords

    section analysis; cross; Algeria; cohort; labour mobility; logit model; the informal sector;

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