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Efficacite Des Institutions De Microfinance En Uemoa : Une Approche Outreach-Intermediation Financiere

  • Sandrine Kablan

    ()

    (ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l'Utilisation des Données Individuelles Temporelles en Economie - Université Paris XII - Paris Est Créteil Val-de-Marne : EA437 - Université Paris Est Marne-la-Vallée)

Notre étude se propose de mesurer l'efficacité des institutions de microfinance (IMFs) en UEMOA, en utilisant la méthode DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis). C'est la première étude qui considère à la fois la fonction d'intermédiaire et d'outreach des IMFs. Nous trouvons une efficacité moyenne très faible de 50% en rendement d'échelle constant et de 63% en rendement d'échelle croissant. La baisse de l'efficacité sur la décennie 2000-2010, pour l'ensemble de la zone, s'explique par les difficultés rencontrées par le secteur de la microfinance qui ont conduit à la fermeture de nombreuses institutions, ou à une détérioration des indicateurs d'outreach dans les pays tels que la Côte d'Ivoire, le Sénégal et le Bénin. La bonne gestion financière et de portefeuille, les subventions ont un impact positif sur l'efficacité tandis que la taille et la formation ont un impact négatif.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00710206.

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Date of creation: 30 Apr 2012
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00710206
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