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Sélection naturelle ou volonté de puissance : comment interpréter le processus de destruction créatrice ?

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  • André Lapied

    () (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - ECM - Ecole Centrale de Marseille)

  • Sophie Swaton

    () (UNIL - Université de Lausanne)

Abstract

Aussi surprenant que cela puisse paraître, c'est à Werner Sombart et non à Joseph Schumpeter que l'on doit l'apparition du terme de destruction créatrice en économie. Il faut également noter que, contrairement à Schumpeter, Sombart revendique pleinement l'influence nietzschéenne. Mais, d'un autre côté, Sombart recourt également aux théories évolutionnistes, alors que Nietzsche a construit son propre concept de destruction créatrice de manière très critique vis-à-vis de l'évolutionnisme. Dans la mesure où le fait de se référer à deux thèses opposées pour fonder une théorie peut apparaître contradictoire, ce papier s'est donné pour objet d'examiner laquelle de ces positions semble la plus légitime pour éclairer le concept de destruction créatrice.

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  • André Lapied & Sophie Swaton, 2011. "Sélection naturelle ou volonté de puissance : comment interpréter le processus de destruction créatrice ?," Working Papers halshs-00609058, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00609058 Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00609058
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    Keywords

    destruction créatrice; concurrence; théories évolutionnistes; Schumpeter; Nietzsche; volonté de puissance; innovation; entrepreneur;

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