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The contribution of improved joint survival conditions to living standards: an equivalent consumption approach

Author

Listed:
  • Grégory Ponthière

    (PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres, PSE - Paris School of Economics - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement)

Abstract

Individuals care not only about their own survival, but also about the survival of other persons. However, little attention has been paid so far to measuring the contribution of longer coexistence time to living standards. For that purpose, we develop a measure of coexistence time—the joint life expectancy—which quantifies the average duration of existence for a group of persons. Then, using a lifecycle model with risky lifetime, we construct an equivalent consumption measure incorporating gains in single and joint life expectancies. An empirical application to France (1820–2010) shows that, assuming independent individual mortality risks, the rise in joint life expectancies contributed to improve standards of living significantly. We examine the robustness of that result to the introduction of dependent mortality risks using copulas, and we show that equivalent consumption patterns are robust to introducing risk dependence.

Suggested Citation

  • Grégory Ponthière, 2016. "The contribution of improved joint survival conditions to living standards: an equivalent consumption approach," Post-Print halshs-01313781, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01313781
    DOI: 10.1007/s00355-015-0919-y
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01313781
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    Cited by:

    1. Harun Onder & Pierre Pestieau & Grégory Ponthière, 2019. "Equivalent income versus equivalent lifetime: does the metric matter?," Working Papers halshs-02187803, HAL.
    2. Marc Fleurbaey & Grégory Ponthière, 2019. "Measuring Well-Being and Lives Worth Living," Working Papers halshs-02393398, HAL.
    3. ONDER Harun & PESTIEAU Pierre & PONTHIERE Gregory, 2017. "The domestic welfare loss of Syrian civil war: an equivalent income approach," LIDAM Discussion Papers CORE 2017025, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).

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