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La nature collective et sociale des compétences

Author

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  • Emmanuelle Walkowiak

    () (LEO - Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans - UO - Université d'Orléans - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Ce travail apporte une formalisation de la fonction de production qui rend compte de la nature collective et sociale des compétences. Pour ce faire, nous supposons que les salariés sont à la fois en situation d'interdépendance productive et d'interaction sociale au sein de la firme. Chaque salarié est identifié par son groupe social d'appartenance (genre, âge, nationalité). Les interactions intergroupes et intragroupes déterminent les compétences des travailleurs et donc leur productivité. Nous supposons que les interactions intergroupes et intragroupes peuvent avoir une efficacité différente. Dès lors, les compétences d'un individu dépendent non seulement de ses qualifications, mais elles sont également déterminées par son appartenance sociale et la composition socio-démographique de la main d'oeuvre. Les résultats empiriques obtenus en nous appuyant sur l'enquête sur les Changements Organisationnels et l'Informatisation de 1997 confirment cette double dimension des compétences : collective et sociale.

Suggested Citation

  • Emmanuelle Walkowiak, 2005. "La nature collective et sociale des compétences," Post-Print halshs-00257740, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00257740
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00257740
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    Keywords

    nature; collective; sociale; compétences;

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