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Les déterminants de la part modale des transports en commun dans 100 villes du monde

  • Iragaël Joly


    (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État [ENTPE] - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Sophie Masson


    (OMI - Organisation Marchandes et Institutions - URCA - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne)

  • Romain Petiot

    (GEREM - Groupe d'Étude et de Recherche en Économie Mathématique - UPVD - Université de Perpignan Via Domitia)

The determining factors in the modal part of public transport in 100 towns around the world. - A survey introduced in this article draws upon the database assembled by the UITP (International Association of Public Transport), « The Millennium Cities Database ». This database provides an overview of urban transport systems in 100 urban areas.The data concerns among other things demographic factors, urban structure, transport networks, mobility and environmental effects, etc. The analysis of this information makes it possible to draw up several profiles of urban areas, highlighting a marked division between a « European-style mobility » and an « American-style mobility ». It subsequently explores the possible relationships between the market share of public transport systems and considers on the one hand the geographical and economic conditions, and on the other hand the characteristics and performance of transport systems. Finally, an econometric approach makes it possible to test the statistical validity of the relationships highlighted.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00087428.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Publication status: Published in Transports, Editions techniques et économiques, 2003, pp. 220-226
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00087428
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