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Mobilité urbaine et développement durable : quels outils de mesure pour quels enjeux ?

Author

Listed:
  • Jean-Pierre Nicolas

    () (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - ENTPE - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Pascal Pochet

    () (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - ENTPE - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Hélène Poimboeuf

    (APDD - Association pour les Pratiques de Développement Durable)

Abstract

Urban Mobility and sustainable development : which measure tools, for which stakes?. - The increase in local environmental concerns, growing worries to the effects of climate warming, high financial constraints, acute city dweller awareness regarding free access to the city... In its different dimensions, environmental, economic and social, the theme of sustainable development can be regularly found today when the future of urban transport, of persons or of goods, is alluded to. In France, Urban Mobility Plans, reactived by the 1996 Air and Rational Use of Energy Law, attempt to integrate these aims of sustainable development. But the evaluation tools of such policies are still lacking. How can the sustainable character of urban mobility be judged? Moreover, how can the long-term development of this system be undertaken in such a way as to limit environmental damage at an acceptable cost without losing sight of social equity objectives (i.e. reduction or non increase in inequalities)? To bring forward assessment tools and to help fire debate on these questions, we propose to elaborate a series of indicators, which offer overall coherence regarding these three dimensions of urban mobility. We present here a research carried out to verify the possibility and the usefulness of elaborating these sustainable mobility indicators. It is applied to the Lyons conurbation.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Pierre Nicolas & Pascal Pochet & Hélène Poimboeuf, 2002. "Mobilité urbaine et développement durable : quels outils de mesure pour quels enjeux ?," Post-Print halshs-00068918, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00068918
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00068918
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    Cited by:

    1. Jean-Pierre Nicolas & Damien Verry & Zahia Longuar, 2012. "Évolutions récentes des émissions de CO2 liées à la mobilité des Français : analyser les dynamiques à l'œuvre grâce aux enquêtes nationales Transports de 1994 et 2008," Post-Print halshs-01716169, HAL.

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