Mobilité urbaine et développement durable : quels outils de mesure pour quels enjeux ?
Urban Mobility and sustainable development : which measure tools, for which stakes?. - The increase in local environmental concerns, growing worries to the effects of climate warming, high financial constraints, acute city dweller awareness regarding free access to the city... In its different dimensions, environmental, economic and social, the theme of sustainable development can be regularly found today when the future of urban transport, of persons or of goods, is alluded to. In France, Urban Mobility Plans, reactived by the 1996 Air and Rational Use of Energy Law, attempt to integrate these aims of sustainable development. But the evaluation tools of such policies are still lacking. How can the sustainable character of urban mobility be judged? Moreover, how can the long-term development of this system be undertaken in such a way as to limit environmental damage at an acceptable cost without losing sight of social equity objectives (i.e. reduction or non increase in inequalities)? To bring forward assessment tools and to help fire debate on these questions, we propose to elaborate a series of indicators, which offer overall coherence regarding these three dimensions of urban mobility. We present here a research carried out to verify the possibility and the usefulness of elaborating these sustainable mobility indicators. It is applied to the Lyons conurbation.
|Date of creation:||2002|
|Publication status:||Published in Les Cahiers scientifiques du transport , AFITL, 2002, pp. 53-76|
|Note:||View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00068918|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/|
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