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Prévention des catastrophes naturelles : viser le long terme sans attendre

Author

Listed:
  • Céline Grislain-Letrémy

    (CREST - Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique - ENSAI - Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Analyse de l'Information [Bruz] - X - École polytechnique - ENSAE ParisTech - École Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Économique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Bertrand Villeneuve

    (LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris-Dauphine)

Abstract

Urbanization in areas prone to natural hazards is massive and will grow. Economic analysis offers several tools to contain this phenomenon: insurance pricing in relation to risk, and zoning and building standards in exposed areas. Both approaches are theoretically equivalent, but their applications pose different challenges, and financial incentives were exaggeratedly reduced in France. In both cases, a more rigorous policy will meet opposition, because it will affect more specifically certain places. We discuss the difficult management of the past, and we explain why the grandfather rights or expropriation can not be considered sustainable responses.

Suggested Citation

  • Céline Grislain-Letrémy & Bertrand Villeneuve, 2015. "Prévention des catastrophes naturelles : viser le long terme sans attendre," Post-Print hal-02281603, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02281603
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02281603
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    Keywords

    Assurance; risques naturels; urbanisation; France;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • G22 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Insurance; Insurance Companies; Actuarial Studies
    • R52 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Land Use and Other Regulations
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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