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Vers une transition énergétique des pays émergents : quelles politiques d’incitation aux énergies renouvelables dans le secteur électrique en Argentine et au Brésil

Author

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  • German Bersalli

    () (GAEL - Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée de Grenoble - Grenoble INP - Institut polytechnique de Grenoble - Grenoble Institute of Technology - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes)

  • Jean-Christophe Simon

    () (GAEL - Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée de Grenoble - Grenoble INP - Institut polytechnique de Grenoble - Grenoble Institute of Technology - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes)

Abstract

La transition énergétique dans les secteurs électriques d’Amérique du Sud est confrontée à des enjeux et des opportunités intrinsèquement liés au processus de développement des pays. Alors que la question de l’accès à l’électricité et la sécurité de l’approvisionnement demeurent des objectifs centraux, une nouvelle dimension des politiques réside dans la prise en compte du défi climatique et des émissions de CO2. La notion dynamique de soutenabilité implique la recherche d’un équilibre entre ces objectifs qui peuvent donc s’avérer à la fois complémentaires et contradictoires. Plusieurs pays du sous-continent ont instauré des politiques de promotion des NER nouvelles énergies renouvelables (NER), au moyen de mécanismes incitatifs : système de quotas négociables, tarifs garantis, appel d’offres, etc. Les résultats obtenus sont contrastés et l’analyse des expériences argentine et brésilienne fournit des cas instructifs.

Suggested Citation

  • German Bersalli & Jean-Christophe Simon, 2017. "Vers une transition énergétique des pays émergents : quelles politiques d’incitation aux énergies renouvelables dans le secteur électrique en Argentine et au Brésil," Post-Print hal-01575994, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01575994 DOI: 10.4000/developpementdurable.11726 Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01575994
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    References listed on IDEAS

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