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How do agricultural policies influence farm size inequality? The example of France

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  • Laurent Piet

    () (UMR 1302 Structures et Marchés Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - AGROCAMPUS OUEST - Institut Agro - Institut national d'enseignement supérieur pour l'agriculture, l'alimentation et l'environnement - SMART - Structures et Marchés Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires)

  • Laure Latruffe

    () (UMR 1302 Structures et Marchés Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - AGROCAMPUS OUEST - Institut Agro - Institut national d'enseignement supérieur pour l'agriculture, l'alimentation et l'environnement - SMART - Structures et Marchés Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires)

  • Chantal Le Mouël

    () (UMR 1302 Structures et Marchés Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - AGROCAMPUS OUEST - Institut Agro - Institut national d'enseignement supérieur pour l'agriculture, l'alimentation et l'environnement - SMART - Structures et Marchés Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires)

  • Yann Desjeux

    () (UMR 1302 Structures et Marchés Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - AGROCAMPUS OUEST - Institut Agro - Institut national d'enseignement supérieur pour l'agriculture, l'alimentation et l'environnement - SMART - Structures et Marchés Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires)

Abstract

We investigate farm size inequality in France using agricultural censuses and farm structure surveys at the NUTS3 level (‘départements') during the period 1970–2007. Using calculated Gini coefficients, we show that farm size inequality has not systematically increased in France. An econometric analysis of the determinants of farm size inequality reveals that policy measures significantly affected farm size inequality, with most of the measures considered decreasing it. Empirical results suggest that the main contributor was the activity of the SAFER (Société d'Aménagement Foncier et d'Etablissement Rural), a specific feature of the French farm structural policy aimed at regulating rural land management. Besides, this research highlights the great complexity of the dynamics underlying the evolution of farm size distribution.

Suggested Citation

  • Laurent Piet & Laure Latruffe & Chantal Le Mouël & Yann Desjeux, 2012. "How do agricultural policies influence farm size inequality? The example of France," Post-Print hal-01208807, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01208807
    DOI: 10.1093/erae/jbr035
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01208807
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    Cited by:

    1. Legrand D. F, Saint-Cyr, 2017. "Farm heterogeneity and agricultural policy impacts on size dynamics: evidence from France," Working Papers SMART - LERECO 17-04, INRAE UMR SMART-LERECO.
    2. Chiara Landi & Gianluca Stefani & Benedetto Rocchi & Ginevra Virginia Lombardi & Sabina Giampaolo, 2016. "Regional Differentiation and Farm Exit: A Hierarchical Model for Tuscany," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 67(1), pages 208-230, February.
    3. Amanda Sahrbacher & Jordan Hristov & Mark V. Brady, 2017. "A combined approach to assess the impacts of EcologicalFocus Areas on regional structural developmentand agricultural land use," Review of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Studies, INRA Department of Economics, vol. 98(3), pages 111-144.
    4. Bina Agarwal & Bruno Dorin, 2017. "Group farming in France. Why are some regions more conducive to cooperation than others?," Working Papers hal-01684032, HAL.
    5. Zier, Patrick, 2013. "Econometric impact assessment of the Common Agricultural Policy in East German agriculture," Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Transition Economies, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO), volume 71, number 71.
    6. Landi, Chiara & Stefani, Gianluca & Rocchi, Benedetto & Lombardi, Ginevra V. & Giampaolo, Sabina, 2013. "Determinants of Structural Change in the agricultural sector: An Empirical Analysis of Farm Exit in Tuscany," 2013 Second Congress, June 6-7, 2013, Parma, Italy 149893, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA).
    7. Boere, Esther & Peerlings, Jack & Reinhard, Stijn & Heijman, Wim, 2014. "The dynamics of dairy land use change with respect to the milk quota regime," 2014 International Congress, August 26-29, 2014, Ljubljana, Slovenia 182710, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    8. Laurent, Piet & Legrand D.F. Saint-Cyr, 2016. "Projection de la population des exploitations agricoles françaises à l’horizon 2025," Working Papers SMART - LERECO 16-11, INRAE UMR SMART-LERECO.
    9. He, Xi, 2018. "Bigger Farms and Bigger Food Firms-The Agricultural Origin of Industrial Concentration in the Food Sector," 2018 Annual Meeting, August 5-7, Washington, D.C. 274206, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    10. Storm, Hugo & Heckelei, Thomas & Espinosa, María & Gomez y Paloma, Sergio, 2015. "Short Term Prediction of Agricultural Structural Change using Farm Accountancy Data Network and Farm Structure Survey Data," German Journal of Agricultural Economics, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Department for Agricultural Economics, vol. 64(03), September.
    11. Ferto, Imre & Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan & Bojnec, Stefan & Latruffe, Laure, 2011. "Investment and Financial Constraints in European Agriculture: Evidence from France, Hungary and Slovenia," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114357, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    12. Loughrey, Jason & Donnellan, Trevor & Lennon, John, 2016. "The Inequality of Farmland Size in Western Europe," 90th Annual Conference, April 4-6, 2016, Warwick University, Coventry, UK 236341, Agricultural Economics Society.
    13. Piet, Laurent, 2016. "Recent trends in the distribution of farm sizes in the EU," 149th Seminar, October 27-28, 2016, Rennes, France 245075, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    14. Fałkowski, Jan, 2017. "Promoting change or preserving the status quo? The consequences of dominating local politics by agricultural interests," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 448-459.
    15. Jitea, Ionel-Mugurel & Pocol, Christina Bianca, 2014. "The Impact of the Common Agricultural Policy on Romanian Farming Structures. Who are the Winners and who are the Losers?," 142nd Seminar, May 29-30, 2014, Budapest, Hungary 170799, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    16. Zoltan Bakucs & Stefan Bojnec & Imre Fertő & Laure Latruffe, 2013. "Farm size and growth in field crop and dairy farms in France, Hungary and Slovenia," Post-Print hal-01208897, HAL.
    17. Kersting, Stefan & Hüttel, Silke & Odening, Martin, 2015. "Structural change in agriculture under capacity constraints: An equilibrium approach," Thuenen-Series of Applied Economic Theory 140, University of Rostock, Institute of Economics.
    18. Sahrbacher, Amanda & Hristov, Jordan & Brady, Mark & Sahrbacher, Christoph & Günther, Josef, 2016. "A combined approach to assess the impact of Ecological Focus Areas on regional structural development," 149th Seminar, October 27-28, 2016, Rennes, France 244958, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    19. Kersting, Stefan & Hüttel, Silke & Odening, Martin, 2016. "Industry dynamics under production constraints — The case of the EU dairy sector," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 135-151.
    20. Marie Dervillé & Gilles Allaire & Élise Maigné & Éric Cahuzac, 2017. "Internal and contextual drivers of dairy restructuring: evidence from French mountainous areas and post†quota prospects," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 48(1), pages 91-103, January.
    21. Landi, Chiara & Bartolini, Fabio & Rovai, Massimo, 2014. "A spatial analysis of the farm structural change: the case study of Tuscany region," 2014 International Congress, August 26-29, 2014, Ljubljana, Slovenia 182938, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    22. Barbottin, Aude & Bouty, Clémence & Martin, Philippe, 2018. "Using the French LPIS database to highlight farm area dynamics: The case study of the Niort Plain," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 281-289.
    23. Laurent Piet, 2019. "Concentration des exploitations agricoles et emplois," Post-Print hal-02492374, HAL.
    24. Piet, Laurent, 2017. "Concentration of the agricultural production in the EU: the two sides of a coin," 2017 International Congress, August 28-September 1, 2017, Parma, Italy 261439, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    25. Loughrey, Jason James & Donnellan, Trevor, 2017. "Inequality and Concentration in Farmland Size: A Regional Analysis for Western Europe," 2017 International Congress, August 28-September 1, 2017, Parma, Italy 261112, European Association of Agricultural Economists.

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