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Teaching at Bauhaus: improving design capacities of creative people? From modular to generic creativity in design-driven innovation

  • Pascal Le Masson


    (CGS - Centre de Gestion Scientifique - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris)

  • Armand Hatchuel


    (CGS - Centre de Gestion Scientifique - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris)

  • Benoit Weil


    (CGS - Centre de Gestion Scientifique - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris)

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    In this paper we analyse teaching at Bauhaus (1919-1933), through the courses of Itten and Klee. We show that these courses not only aimed at teaching the styles. They aimed at increasing students creative design capacities and at providing them techniques to create their own style, in the sense of being able to be generically creative - ie be creative on as many languages as possible. The analyses of the two courses leads to identify two critical features to get a generic creative design capacity: 1-A knowledge structure that is characterized by non-determinism and non-independence; 2-A genesis process that helps to progressively "superimpose" languages on the object in a robust way. These features are strongly different from the knowledge structure and design process of Engineering Systematic Design. We finally show that these features actually correspond to two sufficient conditions for a mathematical model of sets to be "forced" (Cohen 1964) ie to lead to the creation of a new, extended model of sets that is generically different from the original one and still based on the law of this original one. This underlines the deep similarity between the logic of artistic creation and the logic of mathematical creation.

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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00903440.

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    Date of creation: 17 Apr 2013
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    Publication status: Published in Mina Dennert. 10th European Academy of Design Conference: Crafting the Future, Apr 2013, Gothenburg, Sweden. University of Gothenburg, 23 p., 2013
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00903440
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