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Les contraintes de la création et de la reprise d'entreprise : une application aux régions françaises

Author

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  • Rafik Abdesselam

    (CREM - Centre de recherche en économie et management - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Jean Bonnet

    () (CREM - Centre de recherche en économie et management - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Nicolas Le Pape

    (CREM - Centre de recherche en économie et management - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

The decision to start up or to take over an enterprise is induced both by the social and personal situation of the individual and by an environment which is more or less favourable to entrepreneurship. In this environment, we identify several constraints such as financial, technical, informational and entrepreneurial networking constraints. Data Analysis Methods allow us to build models of new entrepreneurs based on the type of constraint they are confronted to and to characterize the evolution of the employment associated with these profiles. At a national level, less constrained individuals who take-over a firm are more prone to create jobs. This is not the case for new entrepreneurs (ex-nihilo). In this paper, we also describe the heterogeneity of French regions. For instance, the West part of France is representative of less constrained entrepreneurs. The profile of constrained new entrepreneurs (ex-nihilo) characterizes Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur and Languedoc-Roussillon and is associated with a rather unfavourable evolution of employment. By contrast, other regions (Haute-Normandie and Nord-Pas-de-Calais) exhibit the profile of constrained new entrepreneurs associated with a favourable evolution of employment in these firms. A regional public policy which alleviates the constraints borne by new entrepreneurs with the aim of promoting local employment does not necessarily give positive results.

Suggested Citation

  • Rafik Abdesselam & Jean Bonnet & Nicolas Le Pape, 2004. "Les contraintes de la création et de la reprise d'entreprise : une application aux régions françaises," Post-Print hal-00149382, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00149382
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00149382
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    Cited by:

    1. Jean Bonnet & Sylvie Cieply & Marcus Dejardin, 2005. "Financial constraints on new firms: looking for regional disparities," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 48(3), pages 217-246.
    2. Mathilde Aubry & Jean Bonnet & Patricia Renou-Maissant, 2015. "Entrepreneurship and the business cycle: the “Schumpeter” effect versus the “refugee” effect—a French appraisal based on regional data," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 54(1), pages 23-55, January.
    3. Jean Bonnet & Sylvie Cieply & Marcus Dejardin, 2007. "Does the regional dimension matter as regards finance and entrepreneurship ?," Post-Print halshs-00337426, HAL.
    4. Rafik Abdesselam & Jean Bonnet & Patricia Renou-Maissant, 2013. "Typology of the French regional development: revealing the refugee/Schumpeter effects in new-firms startups," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201333, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
    5. Mathilde Aubry & Jean Bonnet & Patricia Renou-Maissant, 2013. "Business cycle and entrepreneurial behavior using French regional data," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201304, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.

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