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Les contraintes de la création et de la reprise d'entreprise : une application aux régions françaises

  • Rafik Abdesselam

    (CREM - Centre de Recherche en Economie et Management - CNRS - Université de Caen Basse-Normandie - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1)

  • Jean Bonnet


    (CREM - Centre de Recherche en Economie et Management - CNRS - Université de Caen Basse-Normandie - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1)

  • Nicolas Le Pape

    (CREM - Centre de Recherche en Economie et Management - CNRS - Université de Caen Basse-Normandie - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1)

The decision to start up or to take over an enterprise is induced both by the social and personal situation of the individual and by an environment which is more or less favourable to entrepreneurship. In this environment, we identify several constraints such as financial, technical, informational and entrepreneurial networking constraints. Data Analysis Methods allow us to build models of new entrepreneurs based on the type of constraint they are confronted to and to characterize the evolution of the employment associated with these profiles. At a national level, less constrained individuals who take-over a firm are more prone to create jobs. This is not the case for new entrepreneurs (ex-nihilo). In this paper, we also describe the heterogeneity of French regions. For instance, the West part of France is representative of less constrained entrepreneurs. The profile of constrained new entrepreneurs (ex-nihilo) characterizes Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur and Languedoc-Roussillon and is associated with a rather unfavourable evolution of employment. By contrast, other regions (Haute-Normandie and Nord-Pas-de-Calais) exhibit the profile of constrained new entrepreneurs associated with a favourable evolution of employment in these firms. A regional public policy which alleviates the constraints borne by new entrepreneurs with the aim of promoting local employment does not necessarily give positive results.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00149382.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Publication status: Published in Revue les Cahiers d'Economie et de Sociologie Rurales, 2004, pp.33-68
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00149382
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