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Tackling the instability of growth: A Kaleckian model with autonomous demand expenditures

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  • Olivier Allain

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UPD5 - Université Paris Descartes - Paris 5)

Abstract

This article presents a Kaleckian model enriched by introducing autonomous public expenditure which grows at an exogenous rate. It shows that the usual properties are not affected in the short run: growth is wage-led. But long run properties are strongly affected: public expenditure plays a role as an automatic stabilizer so that the accumulation rate converges on the growth rate of public expenditure. The effect of a change in income distribution on the growth rate is then only transient. However, the impacts on the level of variables (output, capital stock, labor, etc.) remain permanent. The research here also shows that this theoretical framework can provide a solution (depending on the parameters) to the 'second' Harrod knife-edge problem. In this case, Kaleckian outcomes are consistent with the convergence of the current utilization rate on the 'normal' rate, a result which has not been found in the existing literature.

Suggested Citation

  • Olivier Allain, 2013. "Tackling the instability of growth: A Kaleckian model with autonomous demand expenditures," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00821080, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00821080
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00821080
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    Cited by:

    1. Girardi , Daniele & Pariboni, Riccardo, 2015. "Autonomous demand and economic growth: some empirical evidence," Centro Sraffa Working Papers CSWP13, Centro di Ricerche e Documentazione "Piero Sraffa".
    2. Javier Lopez Bernardo, 2016. "A post-Keynesian theory for the yield on equity markets," Working Papers PKWP1613, Post Keynesian Economics Study Group (PKSG).
    3. Sergio Cesaratto, 2016. "La financiación inicial y final en el circuito monetario y la teoría de la demanda efectiva," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 18(35), pages 47-78, July-Dece.
    4. repec:elg:ejeepi:v:14:y:2017:i:2:p131-172 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Riccardo Pariboni, 2015. "Autonomous demand and the Marglin-Bhaduri model: a critical note," Department of Economics University of Siena 715, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
    6. Dejuán, Óscar, 2014. "The Supermultiplier as a Vertically Hyper-integrated Sector," Centro Sraffa Working Papers CSWP4, Centro di Ricerche e Documentazione "Piero Sraffa".
    7. Eckhard Hein, 2016. "Autonomous government expenditure growth, deficits, debt and distribution in a neo-Kaleckian growth model," Working Papers 2016-02, Universita' di Cassino, Dipartimento di Economia e Giurisprudenza.
    8. Trezzini, Attilio, 2017. "Harrodian Instability: a Misleading Concept," Centro Sraffa Working Papers CSWP24, Centro di Ricerche e Documentazione "Piero Sraffa".
    9. Hein, Eckhard, 2016. "Post-Keynesian macroeconomics since the mid-1990s: Main developments," IPE Working Papers 75/2016, Berlin School of Economics and Law, Institute for International Political Economy (IPE).
    10. Won Jun Nah & Marc Lavoie, 2016. "Long run convergence in a neo-Kaleckian open-economy model with autonomous export growth," Working Papers PKWP1604, Post Keynesian Economics Study Group (PKSG).
    11. Franklin Serrano & Fabio Freitas, 2016. "The Sraffian Supermultiplier As An Alternative Closure To Heterodox Growth Theory," Anais do XLIII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 43rd Brazilian Economics Meeting] 107, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    12. Emanuele Russo, 2017. "Harrodian instability in decentralized economies: an agent-based approach," LEM Papers Series 2017/17, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    13. Sergio Cesaratto, 2016. "The modern revival of the Classical surplus approach: implications for the analysis of growth and crises," Department of Economics University of Siena 735, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
    14. Sergio Cesaratto, 2017. "Beyond the traditional monetary circuit: endogenous money, finance and the theory of long-period effective demand," Department of Economics University of Siena 757, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
    15. Eric Kemp-Benedict, 2017. "A multi-sector Kaleckian-Harrodian model for long-run analysis," Working Papers PKWP1702, Post Keynesian Economics Study Group (PKSG).
    16. Mauro Caminati & Serena Sordi, 2017. "Demand-led growth with endogenous innovation," Department of Economics University of Siena 764, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
    17. Christian Schoder, 2016. "Estimating Keynesian models of business fluctuations using Bayesian Maximum Likelihood," IMK Working Paper 162-2016, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    18. Peter Skott, 2016. "Autonomous demand, Harrodian instability and the supply side," UMASS Amherst Economics Working Papers 2016-16, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    automatic stabilizers; income distribution; Kaleckian models; utilization rate; Harrod instability; taux d'utilisation; Modèles kaleckiens; instabilité harrodienne; répartition du revenu; stabilisateurs automatiques;

    JEL classification:

    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian
    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • E25 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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