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Atmospheric Pollution, Environmental Justice and Mortality Rate : a Spatial Approach

Author

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  • Emmanuelle Lavaine

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

Abstract

This paper presents the first study of environmental inequality related to health in France at the national scale. Through an econometric analysis based on a panel data from 2000 to 2004 at a department level, we investigate total mortality rate in relation to socioeconomic status and air pollution. Concentration level of CO, SO2, NO2, NO, O3 and PM10 are estimated by spatial interpolation from local observations of a network of monitoring stations. By running a multivariate model, we first investigate the relationship between socioeconomic factors and total mortality rate ; then, we make the link with environmental air quality measured within the department. Unemployment plays an important role in affecting the mortality rate. Pollutant concentration level are divided into two risk categories (low and high) at the median. We find a positive and significative relationship between NO2 and mortality rate especially at high concentration level of NO2 with a relative risk more important for women. Besides, NO2 level tends to modify the effect of unemployment on mortality rate. These results not only confirm the existence of short term relationships between current air pollution levels and mortality but also raise questions about environmental justice in France.

Suggested Citation

  • Emmanuelle Lavaine, 2010. "Atmospheric Pollution, Environmental Justice and Mortality Rate : a Spatial Approach," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00524132, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00524132
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00524132
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    Cited by:

    1. Alexandre BERTHE, 2016. "Inequalities in the access to water and sanitation services in the North and the Nordeste of Brazil: what lessons for social justice?," Cahiers du GREThA 2016-07, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    spatial auto-correlation; Inequality; air pollution; air quality; environmental economics; environmental health and safety; environmental impact; environmental equity; mortality rate; spatial auto-correlation.;

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods
    • C1 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General

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