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The measurement of financial intermediation in Japan


  • Gunther Capelle-Blancard

    () (EconomiX - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, TEAM - Théories et Applications en Microéconomie et Macroéconomie - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Jézabel Couppey-Soubeyran

    () (TEAM - Théories et Applications en Microéconomie et Macroéconomie - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Laurent Soulat

    () (TEAM - Théories et Applications en Microéconomie et Macroéconomie - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, ESCEM - ESCEM Tours-Poitiers - Groupe Ecole Supérieure de Commerce et de Management)


In this paper, we compute financial intermediation ratios for Japan (1970-2003) on a book value basis. According to our results, the intermediation ratio has remained quite stable, at around 85%. However, this stability is the result of two opposing trends : a decrease in credits and an increase in financial securities owned by financial (mostly, non banking) institutions. These two opposing trends would not have appeared if we had used traditional indicators computed as a fraction on GDP, or that build on a narrow definition of intermediation or use market value data. Fundamentally, our results provide evidence for a very close relation between intermediate financings and market financings and tend to reject the hypothesis of the Japanese financial system's convergence toward a capital market-based system.

Suggested Citation

  • Gunther Capelle-Blancard & Jézabel Couppey-Soubeyran & Laurent Soulat, 2005. "The measurement of financial intermediation in Japan," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00197104, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00197104
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Schmidt, Reinhard H. & Hackethal, Andreas & Tyrell, Marcel, 1999. "Disintermediation and the Role of Banks in Europe: An International Comparison," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 8(1-2), pages 36-67, January.
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    9. Levine, Ross, 2002. "Bank-Based or Market-Based Financial Systems: Which Is Better?," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 398-428, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Zhanyu Ying, 2010. "Study on the measurement of China’s financial intermediation ratio in terms of stock: 1992–2006," Frontiers of Economics in China, Springer;Higher Education Press, vol. 5(3), pages 430-444, September.
    2. Abdellah Belhadia & Nawal Belbouab, 2014. "Islamic vs. Conventional Banking Role in Non-Oil Growth: A Causal Analysis in the Case of Bahrain," International Journal of Business and Social Research, MIR Center for Socio-Economic Research, vol. 4(12), pages 1-15, December.
    3. Inès Chaari & Jézabel Couppey-Soubeyran, 2008. "La place des banques dans le financement de l’économie tunisienne," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 93(3), pages 297-317.
    4. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Hsieh, Meng-Fen & Yang, Shih-Jui, 2014. "The relationship between revenue diversification and bank performance: Do financial structures and financial reforms matter?," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 18-35.
    5. Moayedi, Vafa & Aminfard, Matin, 2011. "The Impact of Policy Shocks on Financial Structure: Empirical Results from Japan," MPRA Paper 39185, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    capital markets; Disintermediation; financial system; intermediaries; capital markets.; Désintermédiation; systèmes financiers; intermédiaires; marchés de capitaux.;

    JEL classification:

    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation


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