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Is Small Beautiful? Trade Shares and Trade Creation with Differentiated Products


  • Denise Eby Konan

    () (Department of Economics, University of Hawaii at Manoa)

  • Keith Maskus


In a small open economy model where imports (exports) are differentiated by region of origin (destination), the welfare effects of a preferential trade agreement (PTA) are considered. Trade creation is found to be a concave function of pre-union partner trade shares. This contrasts with earlier results in the homogeneous goods case whereby the smaller the pre-PTA volume of trade with a potential partner the smaller is trade diversion and the more beneficial is a PTA. An applied general equilibrium model of Egypt demonstrates the theoretical findings for a PTA with the European Union. As Egypt's trading patterns are not heavily focused on the EU, gains from a PTA would likely be modest.

Suggested Citation

  • Denise Eby Konan & Keith Maskus, 1997. "Is Small Beautiful? Trade Shares and Trade Creation with Differentiated Products," Working Papers 199706, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hai:wpaper:199706

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Hoekman, Bernard & Konan, Denise Eby, 1999. "Deep integration, nondiscrimination, and Euro-Mediterranean free trade," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2130, The World Bank.
    2. Bernard Hoekman & Denise Eby Konan, 1998. "Deep Integration, Regionalism and Nondiscrimination," Working Papers 199804, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.


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