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Interindividual deprivation, close and remote individuals


  • Luis José Imedio Olmedo

    (Dpto. Estadística y Econometría, University of Málaga.)

  • Elena Bárcena-Martín

    () (Dpto. Estadística y Econometría, University of Málaga.)

  • Encarnación M. Parrado Gallardo

    (Dpto. Estadística y Econometría, University of Málaga.)


In assessing relative deprivation, the classical approach considers that individuals compare their income with each and every income of the distribution, and assign equal weight to these comparisons. In this paper we propose a more realistic alternative approach to obtain individual deprivation. We assume that the deprivation of the individual depends, to a greater extent, on the situation of those who are part of their social environment (neighbors, colleagues, family, or, in general, the individual’s reference group) rather than on the situation of those in an unattainable situation from the individual’s point of view. In developing their aspirations, individuals focus on the group to which they belong or at least, they feel they are likely to belong to. As a particular case, our proposal includes the classical approach, allowing us to explain some situations that do not fall under the assumptions of that approach.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis José Imedio Olmedo & Elena Bárcena-Martín & Encarnación M. Parrado Gallardo, 2013. "Interindividual deprivation, close and remote individuals," ThE Papers 13/08, Department of Economic Theory and Economic History of the University of Granada..
  • Handle: RePEc:gra:wpaper:13/08

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    Cited by:

    1. Elena Bárcena-Martín & Cortés Aguilar Alexandra & Ana I. Moro Egido, 2013. "The role of proximity and social comparisons on subjective well-being," ThE Papers 13/10, Department of Economic Theory and Economic History of the University of Granada..
    2. repec:spr:jhappi:v:18:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s10902-016-9768-3 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Inequality; inter-individual comparisons; reference groups; weighting functions.;

    JEL classification:

    • C10 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - General
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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