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The transformation of post-socialist capitalism – from developmental state to clan state?


  • Sallai, Dorottya
  • Schnyder, Gerhard


Various characterisations exist of the model of post-social capitalism exist. While most typologies underscore the prominent role of the state in post-socialist capitalism compared to Western economies, the literature is less clear about what exactly this role consists of. For the case of East Central Europe, some authors underscore the weakness of the state and its ‘capture’ by business interests, while others attribute to the state a benign role in successful industrial restructuring. We show that both views are of limited use to understand the phase of ‘backsliding’ that these economies are currently experiencing. We draw on anthropological models of post-socialist states that focus on elite dynamics within the state and show that this focus allows us to interpret backsliding in Hungary as a reversal of the developmental state into a clan-state.

Suggested Citation

  • Sallai, Dorottya & Schnyder, Gerhard, 2018. "The transformation of post-socialist capitalism – from developmental state to clan state?," Greenwich Papers in Political Economy 18535, University of Greenwich, Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre.
  • Handle: RePEc:gpe:wpaper:18535

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    Cited by:

    1. Éltető, Andrea & Sass, Magdolna, 2021. "A kapitalizmus változatai és az ipar 4.0 a visegrádi országokban [Varieties of capitalism and industry 4.0 in the Visegrad countries]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(5), pages 490-514.
    2. Alexandra Bykova & Richard Grieveson & Julia Grübler & Magdolna Sass & Tamás Szemlér, 2021. "Monthly Report No. 2/2021," wiiw Monthly Reports 2021-02, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    3. Bálint Madlovics & Bálint Magyar, 2021. "Post-communist predation: modeling reiderstvo practices in contemporary predatory states," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 187(3), pages 247-273, June.

    More about this item


    State capitalism; political ties; corporate strategies; clan-state; post-socialism; autocracy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H13 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Economics of Eminent Domain; Expropriation; Nationalization
    • P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism
    • P26 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Political Economy

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