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Farmer’s perception of climate change and responsive strategies in three selected provinces of South Africa

Author

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  • Elum, Zelda A.
  • Modise, David M.
  • Marr, Ana

Abstract

The world has responded to climate change phenomenon through two broad response mechanisms (mitigation and adaptation strategies) with the aim of moderating the adverse effects of climate change and/or to exploit any arising beneficial opportunities. The paper aims to examine the trend in climate parameters, farmers’ perception of climate change, constraints faced in production and to identify the strategies (if any) that farmers have adopted to cope with the effects of changing climate. A one-way analysis of variance, percentage analysis and Garrett ranking technique were applied to a set of primary data collected from 150 randomly sampled farmers with the aid of questionnaires in three purposively selected provinces through the months of June to August 2015. The analytical results of obtained recent weather data revealed that the climate parameters have significantly changed over time and these were substantiated by farmers’ experiences. The farmers are engaging in various climate-response strategies, among which, the planting of drought-tolerant varieties is most common. Therefore, it is important to enhance farmers’ access to improved drought-tolerant seeds and efficient irrigation systems. Also observed, is that the lack of awareness of insurance products and inability to afford insurance premiums were the principal reasons majority of the farmers did not have insurance. These present a need to strengthen insurance adoption among farmers through various supporting programmes that may include premium subsidies and media outreach. The paper under one platform provides evidence of changing climate, farmers’ responses towards mitigating perceived adverse effects of the changed climate, and South Africa’s national policy on adaptation and mitigation.

Suggested Citation

  • Elum, Zelda A. & Modise, David M. & Marr, Ana, 2016. "Farmer’s perception of climate change and responsive strategies in three selected provinces of South Africa," Greenwich Papers in Political Economy 16050, University of Greenwich, Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre.
  • Handle: RePEc:gpe:wpaper:16050
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    File URL: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/16050/1/16050_Marr_Farmer%27s%20perception%20of%20climate%20change%20%28AAM%20OA%29%202016.pdf
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    Keywords

    Perception; Climate change; Vulnerability; Mitigation; Adaptation; farmers; South Africa;

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