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Modern Day Slavery: What Drives Human Trafficking in Europe?

  • Diego Hernandez

    (Georg-August-University Göttingen)

  • Alexandra Rudolph

    (Georg-August-University Göttingen)

Registered author(s):

    At a time of increased attention on the international agenda for human trafficking, this paper examines the determinants of human trafficking inflows to 13 European countries based on official records. By employing a fixed effects zero-inflated, negative binomial gravity-type model, we address data characteristics appropriately. The econometric analysis suggests that human trafficking occurs in well established routes for migrants and refugees. Victims are more likely to be transported to, and exploited in, host countries with suboptimal institutional quality levels. Countries whose nationals do not require a visa for short term visits are especially prone to being potential source countries. Legal status and regulation of commercial sex services does not affect the pattern of trafficking flows.

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    File URL: http://www2.vwl.wiso.uni-goettingen.de/courant-papers/CRC-PEG_DP_97.pdf
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    Paper provided by Courant Research Centre PEG in its series Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers with number 97.

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    Date of creation: 30 Sep 2011
    Date of revision: 23 Nov 2011
    Handle: RePEc:got:gotcrc:097
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    Web page: http://www.uni-goettingen.de/en/82144.html

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    15. Soares, Rodrigo R., 2004. "Development, crime and punishment: accounting for the international differences in crime rates," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(1), pages 155-184, February.
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