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Gestion collective et droits dans les biotechnologies : une analyse économique

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  • Trommetter, M.

Abstract

De manière générale, les incitations à innover dépendent d'un certain nombre de caractéristiques : coût de la R&D, nature de l'innovation, financement de la R&D... Dans ce cadre d'analyse, on peut montrer qu'il n'existe pas une relation simple entre un type d'innovation et son financement. C'est pourquoi, dans ce papier, l'auteur analyse d'abord les caractéristiques des innovations et, en particulier, la capacité de l'innovateur à pouvoir exclure de l'accès et à limiter ou non des rivalités entre les usages. Ensuite, il rappelle brièvement l'histoire des biotechnologies agricoles. Dans un troisième temps, il présente les divers modes de gestions collectives qui ont été mises en oeuvre. Enfin, il analyse l'organisation de la recherche en sélection génomique et met en évidence la création d'un nouveau type de biens : les biens communs.

Suggested Citation

  • Trommetter, M., 2013. "Gestion collective et droits dans les biotechnologies : une analyse économique," Working Papers 2013-03, Grenoble Applied Economics Laboratory (GAEL).
  • Handle: RePEc:gbl:wpaper:2013-03
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    File URL: https://gael.univ-grenoble-alpes.fr/sites/gael/files/doc-recherche/WP/A2013/gael2013-04.pdf
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    Keywords

    BIOTECHNOLOGIE AGRICOLE; DROIT; PROPRIETE INTELLECTUELLE; BIEN COMMUN; INNOVATION;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital
    • K11 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Property Law

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