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Gestion collective et droits dans les biotechnologies : une analyse économique


  • Trommetter, M.


De manière générale, les incitations à innover dépendent d'un certain nombre de caractéristiques : coût de la R&D, nature de l'innovation, financement de la R&D... Dans ce cadre d'analyse, on peut montrer qu'il n'existe pas une relation simple entre un type d'innovation et son financement. C'est pourquoi, dans ce papier, l'auteur analyse d'abord les caractéristiques des innovations et, en particulier, la capacité de l'innovateur à pouvoir exclure de l'accès et à limiter ou non des rivalités entre les usages. Ensuite, il rappelle brièvement l'histoire des biotechnologies agricoles. Dans un troisième temps, il présente les divers modes de gestions collectives qui ont été mises en oeuvre. Enfin, il analyse l'organisation de la recherche en sélection génomique et met en évidence la création d'un nouveau type de biens : les biens communs.

Suggested Citation

  • Trommetter, M., 2013. "Gestion collective et droits dans les biotechnologies : une analyse économique," Working Papers 2013-03, Grenoble Applied Economics Laboratory (GAEL).
  • Handle: RePEc:gbl:wpaper:2013-03

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Avinash Dixit, 1979. "A Model of Duopoly Suggesting a Theory of Entry Barriers," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 10(1), pages 20-32, Spring.
    2. Lambertini, Luca & Orsini, Raimondello, 2000. "Process and product innovation in a vertically differentiated monopoly," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 68(3), pages 333-337, September.
    3. Bonanno, Giacomo & Haworth, Barry, 1998. "Intensity of competition and the choice between product and process innovation," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 495-510, July.
    4. Avner Shaked & John Sutton, 1982. "Relaxing Price Competition Through Product Differentiation," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 49(1), pages 3-13.
    5. Mussa, Michael & Rosen, Sherwin, 1978. "Monopoly and product quality," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 301-317, August.
    6. Gabszewicz, Jean J. & Wauthy, Xavier Y., 2002. "Quality underprovision by a monopolist when quality is not costly," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 65-72, September.
    7. Bester, Helmut & Petrakis, Emmanuel, 1993. "The incentives for cost reduction in a differentiated industry," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 519-534.
    8. Acharyya, Rajat, 1998. "Monopoly and product quality: Separating or pooling menu?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 187-194, November.
    9. Mills, David E, 1995. "Why Retailers Sell Private Labels," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 4(3), pages 509-528, Fall.
    10. Spence, Michael, 1976. "Product Differentiation and Welfare," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 66(2), pages 407-414, May.
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    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital
    • K11 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Property Law

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