IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/gat/wpaper/0721.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Transitions CDD - CDI et différentiels de salaire : Résultats économétriques sur l’enquête Emploi

Author

Listed:
  • Mohamed Ali Ben Halima

    () (University of Lyon, Lyon, F-69003, France; CNRS, UMR 5824, GATE, Ecully, F-69130, France; ENS LSH, Lyon, F-69007, France ; Centre Leon Berard, Lyon, F-69003, France)

  • Jean-Yves Lesueur

    () (University of Lyon, Lyon, F-69003, France; CNRS, UMR 5824, GATE, Ecully, F-69130, France; ENS LSH, Lyon, F-69007, France ; Centre Leon Berard, Lyon, F-69003, France)

Abstract

Nous présentons un modèle simple permettant d'interpréter la transition d'un CDD à un CDI à partir d'un mécanisme de tournoi dans lequel la promotion vers le CDI est basée sur une norme de productivité. Les propriétés d'équilibre du modèle montrent que l'écart de salaire entre CDI et CDD est positivement corrélé à l'incertitude qui accompagne la sélection sous le statut de CDD. Cette propriété est soumise à estimation économétrique à partir de l'enquête Emploi historique couvrant la période 1990 - 2002. Nous estimons un modèle d'équations de salaire à double régime (CDI - CDD) avec contrôle du biais de sélection qui caractérise le dépassement de la norme de productivité. Une décomposition des écarts de salaires permet d'identifier la contribution relative des inobservables ayant conditionné l'accès au CDI sur l'écart de salaire. Afin de contrôler l'influence de l'incertitude qui accompagne la compétition entre les salariés pour l'accès au CDI nous avons retenu comme variable proxy la taille de l'entreprise. Les résultats montrent que, dans les PME, les caractéristiques qui contribuent à la sélection tendent à compresser, toutes choses égales par ailleurs, la dispersion des salaires entre CDI et CDD. Dans les grandes entreprises en revanche, l'effet de la sélection augmente l'écart moyen de salaire entre CDI et CDD et ce de l'ordre de 9,3\%. Ce résultat ne semble pas infirmer la propriété de statique comparative du modèle selon laquelle une augmentation de l'incertitude lors de la sélection conduit à un renforcement de l'écart de salaire entre promus et non - promus.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohamed Ali Ben Halima & Jean-Yves Lesueur, 2007. "Transitions CDD - CDI et différentiels de salaire : Résultats économétriques sur l’enquête Emploi," Working Papers 0721, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique Lyon St-Étienne (GATE Lyon St-Étienne), Université de Lyon.
  • Handle: RePEc:gat:wpaper:0721
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: ftp://ftp.gate.cnrs.fr/RePEc/2007/0721.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Glick, Reuven & Rogoff, Kenneth, 1995. "Global versus country-specific productivity shocks and the current account," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 159-192, February.
    2. Baxter, Marianne & King, Robert G, 1993. "Fiscal Policy in General Equilibrium," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(3), pages 315-334, June.
    3. Devereux, Michael B & Head, Allen C & Lapham, Beverly J, 1996. "Monopolistic Competition, Increasing Returns, and the Effects of Government Spending," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 28(2), pages 233-254, May.
    4. Mahbub Morshed, A. K. M. & Turnovsky, Stephen J., 2004. "Sectoral adjustment costs and real exchange rate dynamics in a two-sector dependent economy," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 147-177, May.
    5. Karayalcin, Cem, 1999. "Temporary and permanent government spending in a small open economy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 125-141, February.
    6. Vikas Kakkar, 2003. "The Relative Price of Nontraded Goods and Sectoral Total Factor Productivity: An Empirical Investigation," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 85(2), pages 444-452, May.
    7. Heijdra, Ben J. & Ligthart, Jenny E., 2007. "Fiscal policy, monopolistic competition, and finite lives," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 325-359, January.
    8. Turnovsky Stephen J. & Sen Partha, 1995. "Investment in a Two-Sector Dependent Economy," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 29-55, March.
    9. Schubert, Stefan F & Turnovsky, Stephen J, 2002. "The Dynamics of Temporary Policies in a Small Open Economy," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 10(4), pages 604-622, November.
    10. Stockman, Alan C & Tesar, Linda L, 1995. "Tastes and Technology in a Two-Country Model of the Business Cycle: Explaining International Comovements," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(1), pages 168-185, March.
    11. Perotti, Roberto, 2005. "Estimating the Effects of Fiscal Policy in OECD Countries," CEPR Discussion Papers 4842, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    12. Roberto Perotti, 2005. "Estimating the effects of fiscal policy in OECD countries," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    13. Bussière, Matthieu & Fratzscher, Marcel & Müller, Gernot J., 2010. "Productivity shocks, budget deficits and the current account," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(8), pages 1562-1579, December.
    14. Masao Ogaki & Jonathan D. Ostry & Carmen M. Reinhart, 1996. "Saving Behavior in Low- and Middle-Income Developing Countries: A Comparison," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 43(1), pages 38-71, March.
    15. Obstfeld, Maurice, 1989. "Fiscal deficits and relative prices in a growing world economy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 461-484, May.
    16. Paul Cashin & C. John McDermott, 2003. "Intertemporal Substitution and Terms-of-Trade Shocks," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(4), pages 604-618, September.
    17. Freund, Caroline, 2005. "Current account adjustment in industrial countries," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(8), pages 1278-1298, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    individual transition; job contract; Oaxaca Blinder decomposition; permanent job; switching endogenous model; temporary job; wage differential;

    JEL classification:

    • C3 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables
    • C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:gat:wpaper:0721. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Nelly Wirth). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/gateefr.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.