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Tall But Poor : Nutrition, Health and Living Standards in Pre-Famine Ireland

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  • Nicholas, S.
  • Steckel, R.

Abstract

This paper uses height data recorded on Convict Indents to study temporal patterns and regional differences in living standards in pre-famine Ireland. The approach is explicitly comparative and makes use of information from America and other parts of Europe. The Irish attained roughly the 16th centile of modern height standards and, though smaller than contemporary North Americans, were among the tallest in Europe, including the wealthier English. We suggest that: a nutritious diet and epidemiological isolation were important factors in the high nutritional living standards of the Irish.
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Suggested Citation

  • Nicholas, S. & Steckel, R., 1992. "Tall But Poor : Nutrition, Health and Living Standards in Pre-Famine Ireland," Papers 92-19, New South Wales - School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:fth:nesowa:92-19
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. John Komlos, 1989. "Nutrition and Economic Development in the Eighteenth-Century Habsburg Monarchy: An Anthropometric History," Books by John Komlos, Department of Economics, University of Munich, number 2.
    2. Glenn Hueckel, 1976. "Relative Prices and Supply Response in English Agriculture during the Napoleonic Wars," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 29(3), pages 401-414, August.
    3. Allen, Robert C. & Ó Gráda, Cormac, 1988. "On the Road Again with Arthur Young: English, Irish, and French Agriculture during the Industrial Revolution," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 48(01), pages 93-116, March.
    4. Roderick Floud, 1984. "The Heights of Europeans Since 1750: A New Source For European Economic History," NBER Working Papers 1318, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Steckel, Richard H., 1979. "Slave height profiles from coastwise manifests," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 363-380, October.
    6. Mokyr, Joel & Grada, Cormac O, 1982. "Emigration and poverty in prefamine Ireland," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 360-384, October.
    7. Samuel H. Preston & Michael R. Haines, 1991. "Fatal Years: Child Mortality in Late Nineteenth-Century America," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number pres91-1.
    8. Sandberg, Lars G. & Steckel, Richard H., 1990. "Hard times in 19th-century Sweden: A reply," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 114-121, January.
    9. Joel Mokyr & Cormac Ó Gráda, 1990. "The heights of the British and the Irish c. 1800-1815 : evidence from recruits to the East India Company's army," Working Papers 199003, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
    10. Williamson, Jeffrey G., 1986. "The Impact of the Irish on British Labor Markets During the Industrial Revolution," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 46(03), pages 693-720, September.
    11. Richard H. Steckel, 1982. "Height and Per Capita Income," NBER Working Papers 0880, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Sandberg, Lars G. & Steckel, Richard H., 1988. "Overpopulation and malnutrition rediscovered: Hard times in 19th-century Sweden," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 1-19, January.
    13. Nicholas, Stephen & Shergold, Peter R., 1987. "Human capital and the pre-Famine Irish emigration to England," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 158-177, April.
    14. Steckel, Richard H., 1986. "A Peculiar Population: The Nutrition, Health, and Mortality of American Slaves from Childhood to Maturity," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 46(03), pages 721-741, September.
    15. Joel Mokyr & Cormac Ó Gráda, 1988. "Poor and getting poorer? Living standards in Ireland before the Famine," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 41(2), pages 209-235, May.
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    Keywords

    historical analysis ; penurie alimentaire;

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