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The Scandinavian Model: Trends and Perspectives


  • Eitrheim, P.
  • Kuhnle, S.


In this paper, the authors look at trends in social security reform activity in all of the Nordic countries with the exception of Iceland. They shall first briefly compare the status of the welfare state around 1990 with that of 1997; to be followed by an account of the economic and political contexts of the four countries in the 1990s; and a summary review of reforms undertaken or unederway. They end by a comment on why things have changed (or not) in the Nordic welfare states in the 1990s.

Suggested Citation

  • Eitrheim, P. & Kuhnle, S., 1999. "The Scandinavian Model: Trends and Perspectives," Papers 99/7, European Institute - European Forum.
  • Handle: RePEc:fth:euroef:99/7

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    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe


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