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Positioning and Internalization in Global Value Chains: The Case of Tuscan Firms

Author

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  • Giorgia Giovannetti

    (Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa)

  • Enrico Marvasi

Abstract

The recent trade literature has shown how incomplete contracts can shape firms’ boundary and the decision of whether to outsource or integrate vertically. Related evidence and conceptualizations from the business literature show that buyer-supplier relations in global value chains can take several governance structures, depending on the degree of vertical coordination and power relations between firms. Building upon these two non-competing strands of the literature, we construct a taxonomy of firms that considers their positioning (upstream or downstream), their belonging to domestic or global value chains and the type of relations they entertain with other firms. We apply our taxonomy to the 2011 census of firms operating in Tuscany. We first describe regional characteristics and then study how positioning and governance affect firms’ decisions and performance.

Suggested Citation

  • Giorgia Giovannetti & Enrico Marvasi, 2016. "Positioning and Internalization in Global Value Chains: The Case of Tuscan Firms," Working Papers - Economics wp2016_14.rdf, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa.
  • Handle: RePEc:frz:wpaper:wp2016_14.rdf
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    Keywords

    Global value chains; Buyer-supplier relations; Heterogeneous firms; International trade.;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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