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The transformation of the Afar commons in Ethiopia: State coercion, diversification and property rights change among pastoralists

  • Hundie Bekele
  • Padmanabhan, Martina
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    "The major economic activity for pastoralists is animal husbandry. The harsh environment in which herders raise their livestock requires constant mobility to regulate resource utilisation via a common property regime. In contrast to the mobile way of life characterizing pastoralism, agriculture as a sedentary activity is only marginally present in the lowlands of the Afar regional state in Ethiopia. Nevertheless, this study reveals a situation where the traditional land-use arrangements in Afar are being transformed due to the introduction of farming. In the past, the Imperial and the Socialist governments introduced large-scale agriculture in a coercive manner, thereby instigating massive resistance from the pastoralists. Currently, the recurrence of drought in the study areas has facilitated the subdivision of the communal land on a voluntary basis for the purpose of farming. Qualitative and quantitative analysis highlight the drivers, both coercive and non-coercive, of the transformation of traditional property rights of Afar pastoralists." authors' abstract

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    Paper provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series CAPRi working papers with number 87.

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    Date of creation: 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:fpr:worpps:87
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