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The transformation of the Afar commons in Ethiopia: State coercion, diversification and property rights change among pastoralists

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  • Hundie Bekele
  • Padmanabhan, Martina

Abstract

"The major economic activity for pastoralists is animal husbandry. The harsh environment in which herders raise their livestock requires constant mobility to regulate resource utilisation via a common property regime. In contrast to the mobile way of life characterizing pastoralism, agriculture as a sedentary activity is only marginally present in the lowlands of the Afar regional state in Ethiopia. Nevertheless, this study reveals a situation where the traditional land-use arrangements in Afar are being transformed due to the introduction of farming. In the past, the Imperial and the Socialist governments introduced large-scale agriculture in a coercive manner, thereby instigating massive resistance from the pastoralists. Currently, the recurrence of drought in the study areas has facilitated the subdivision of the communal land on a voluntary basis for the purpose of farming. Qualitative and quantitative analysis highlight the drivers, both coercive and non-coercive, of the transformation of traditional property rights of Afar pastoralists." authors' abstract

Suggested Citation

  • Hundie Bekele & Padmanabhan, Martina, 2008. "The transformation of the Afar commons in Ethiopia: State coercion, diversification and property rights change among pastoralists," CAPRi working papers 87, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:worpps:87
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    File URL: http://www.capri.cgiar.org/pdf/capriwp87.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Ratner, B. D., 2013. "Addressing conflict through collective action in natural resource management: a synthesis of experience," IWMI Working Papers H046235, International Water Management Institute.
    2. Kihiu, Evelyne Nyathira, 2016. "Basic capability effect: Collective management of pastoral resources in southwestern Kenya," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 23-34.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pastoralism; livestock; Property rights; Rangeland management; Communal land; Environmental management;

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