La gestion des ressources forestières au Maroc: Une approche par le capital social
Social capital appears only very rarely in the nomenclature related to the management of forest resources in Morocco. Far from being a semantic detail, this lexical omission comes as a revelation of a policy change. Public authorities have established, in spite of the positive externalities that social capital generates, a bureaucratic management source of heaviness and ineffectiveness. The proof is a recession of the wooded surfaces accompanied by an irreversible degradation of the natural environment on one hand and of the intrinsic quality of the forests on the other hand. This political position raises questions. Thereby, we suggest that the management of forest resources could be optimized if handled through an approach coming from social capital. Our hypothesis is to set forth that this caesura took place through the disappearance of the local traditional organizations, certainly a vector of social capital but also protector of the natural environment. It is possible, by questioning the past, to find an opening in the forest crisis by rehabilitating the Jemaâ in a modern vision.
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