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Determinantes del gasto sanitario: Un analisis empÌrico para el caso europeo

Listed author(s):
  • David Cantarero Prieto
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    En este trabajo se analizan los principales determinantes del gasto en sanidad y se propone un modelo explicativo de su comportamiento para el caso de la UniÛn Europea. Algunos trabajos anteriores en este sentido mostraban elasticidades-renta iguales o superiores a la unidad con respecto a los gastos sanitarios. Dichas conclusiones podrÌan estar sobredimensionadas debido al sesgo de las variables omitidas en el an·lisis y a la presencia de elementos latentes especÌficos de cada ano o paÌs que estarÌan influyendo sobre los gastos sanitarios per c·pita. El objetivo de este estudio es realizar un an·lisis economÈtrico, utilizando datos de panel para el perÌodo 1990-2004, a fin de determinar los principales factores explicativos del crecimiento del gasto sanitario de los paÌses europeos. Los resultados muestran que el factor m·s importante en la explicaciÛn del volumen de gasto p˙blico sanitario es la renta mientras que otros factores de demanda y de oferta asÌ como el grado de descentralizaciÛn o tipo de sistema sanitario tambiÈn influyen pero son menos importantes.

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    Paper provided by FEDEA in its series Studies on the Spanish Economy with number 228.

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    Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaeee:228
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