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Determinantes del gasto sanitario: Un analisis empÌrico para el caso europeo

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  • David Cantarero Prieto

Abstract

En este trabajo se analizan los principales determinantes del gasto en sanidad y se propone un modelo explicativo de su comportamiento para el caso de la UniÛn Europea. Algunos trabajos anteriores en este sentido mostraban elasticidades-renta iguales o superiores a la unidad con respecto a los gastos sanitarios. Dichas conclusiones podrÌan estar sobredimensionadas debido al sesgo de las variables omitidas en el an·lisis y a la presencia de elementos latentes especÌficos de cada ano o paÌs que estarÌan influyendo sobre los gastos sanitarios per c·pita. El objetivo de este estudio es realizar un an·lisis economÈtrico, utilizando datos de panel para el perÌodo 1990-2004, a fin de determinar los principales factores explicativos del crecimiento del gasto sanitario de los paÌses europeos. Los resultados muestran que el factor m·s importante en la explicaciÛn del volumen de gasto p˙blico sanitario es la renta mientras que otros factores de demanda y de oferta asÌ como el grado de descentralizaciÛn o tipo de sistema sanitario tambiÈn influyen pero son menos importantes.

Suggested Citation

  • David Cantarero Prieto, "undated". "Determinantes del gasto sanitario: Un analisis empÌrico para el caso europeo," Studies on the Spanish Economy 228, FEDEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaeee:228
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    1. van der Meer, Peter & Wielers, Rudi, 1996. "Educational Credentials and Trust in the Labor Market," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(1), pages 29-46.
    2. Richard R. Verdugo & Naomi Turner Verdugo, 1989. "The Impact of Surplus Schooling on Earnings: Some Additional Findings," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 24(4), pages 629-643.
    3. Michael Spence, 1973. "Job Market Signaling," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 87(3), pages 355-374.
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