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Agir pour le climat après l'Accord de Paris

Author

Listed:
  • Stéphane Dion

    (Député à la Chambre des Communes du Canada)

  • Eloi Laurent

    (OFCE-SciencesPo et Stanford University)

Abstract

Nous proposons dans cet article de basculer les négociations climatiques de leur logique actuelle fondée sur les quantitésvers une logique de prix. Notre proposition s’appuie d’une part sur un budget carbone axé sur le respect de la limite de deux degrés, menant à l'établissement d'une trajectoire différenciée, caractérisée par l'instauration de tarifs carbone progressivement convergents, chaque pays étant libre de déterminer la panoplie d'instruments qu'il désire employer pour augmenter son propre tarif. D’autre part, notre régime de prix du carbone apporte une solution à la question des inégalités entre pays (par un système de modulation et de compensations ) et des inégalités internes à chaque pays (en accélérant l'adaptation des modes de financement).

Suggested Citation

  • Stéphane Dion & Eloi Laurent, 2015. "Agir pour le climat après l'Accord de Paris," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2015-21, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  • Handle: RePEc:fce:doctra:1521
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    File URL: http://www.ofce.sciences-po.fr/pdf/dtravai/WP2015-21.pdf
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    Keywords

    COP 21; negociations climatiques; prix du carbone; justice climatique;

    JEL classification:

    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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