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Alteração estrutural e crescimento: que competitividade para a indústria transformadora Portuguesa?

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  • Natércia Godinho Mira

    () (Department of Economics, University of Évora; CEFAGE-UE)

Abstract

Tendo em conta que a teoria económica nos permitir encontrar argumentos explicativos para a existência de uma relação em ambos os sentidos, entre a alteração estrutural e o crescimento, o que procurámos avaliar, no caso da indústria transformadora Portuguesa, foi a forma como evoluiu a velocidade de alteração estrutural, e como essa indústria cresceu de 1996 até 2004, depois de um crescimento, que na década de noventa e segundo a Comissão Europeia, foi dos maiores registados na Europa, e que apesar disso, não se revelou suficiente para promover os necessários ganhos de produtividade. Com esta análise, acabámos por concluir, que com um crescimento e uma velocidade de alteração estrutural bastante inferiores aos dos anos noventa, e com indústrias que, até mesmo de entre as mais qualificadas do ponto de vista da qualificação das competências laborais tiveram uma evolução diferenciada, será difícil à indústria transformadora Portuguesa contribuir no curto prazo de forma significativa para melhorar a competitividade da economia portuguesa, face a algumas deficiências de carácter estrutural que procurámos identificar.

Suggested Citation

  • Natércia Godinho Mira, 2009. "Alteração estrutural e crescimento: que competitividade para a indústria transformadora Portuguesa?," Economics Working Papers 10_2009, University of Évora, Department of Economics (Portugal).
  • Handle: RePEc:evo:wpecon:10_2009
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Alteração Estrutural; Crescimento; Competitividade; Produtividade;

    JEL classification:

    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General

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