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Sources of Learning-by-Exporting Effects: Does exporting promote innovation? (Japanese)

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  • ITO Keiko

Abstract

This paper examines whether first-time exporters achieve productivity improvements through learning-by-exporting effects. The results suggest that the start of exporting to North America/Europe has a strong positive effect on sales and employment growth, R&D activity, and productivity growth. On the other hand, the start of exporting to Asia does not have any strong productivity-enhancing effects, although it does tend to boost the growth rates of sales and employment and to be associated with an increase in R&D expenditure. However, even considering these variables, the positive impact from the start of exporting to North America/Europe is much larger. Further analysis shows that export starters to North America/Europe are larger, more productive, more R&D intensive, and more capital intensive than export starters to Asia even before they start exporting, suggesting that the former are potentially better performers than the latter. Moreover, export starters to North America/Europe become more innovative than export starters to Asia after the start of exporting. The results obtained here imply that potentially innovative non-exporters should be supported through an export-promotion policy.

Suggested Citation

  • ITO Keiko, 2011. "Sources of Learning-by-Exporting Effects: Does exporting promote innovation? (Japanese)," Discussion Papers (Japanese) 11066, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  • Handle: RePEc:eti:rdpsjp:11066
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    File URL: https://www.rieti.go.jp/jp/publications/dp/11j066.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Shoko Haneda & Keiko Ito, 2014. "Modes of international activities and the innovativeness of firms: an empirical analysis based on the Japanese National Innovation Survey for 2009," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(8), pages 758-779, November.
    2. repec:ecr:col070:42010 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. INUI Tomohiko & ITO Keiko & MIYAKAWA Daisuke & SHOJI Keishi, 2013. "Firms' Export Behavior and the Role of Bank' Overseas Information," ESRI Discussion paper series 297, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    4. Mario D. Tello, 2015. "Firms' Innovation, Public Financial Support, and Total Factor Productivity: The Case of Manufactures in Peru," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(2), pages 358-374, May.

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