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Care Seeking for Neonatal Illness in Low- and Middle- Income Countries: A Systematic Review


  • Hadley K Herbert
  • Anne CC Lee
  • Aruna Chandran
  • Igor Rudan
  • Abdullah H. Baqui



Despite recent achievements to reduce child mortality, neonatal deaths continue to remain high, accounting for 41% of all deaths in children under five years of age worldwide, of which over 90% occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Infections are a leading cause of death and limitations in care seeking for ill neonates contribute to high mortality rates. As estimates for care-seeking behaviors in LMICs have not been studied, this review describes care seeking for neonatal illnesses in LMICs, with particular attention to type of care sought. A systematic literature review of studies that reported the proportion of caregivers that sought care for ill or suspected ill neonates in LMICs were conducted. The initial search yielded 784 studies, of which 22 studies described relevant data from community household surveys, facility-based surveys, and intervention trials. The majority of studies were from South Asia (n = 17/22), set in rural areas (n = 17/22), and published within the last 4 years (n = 18/22). Of the 9,098 neonates who were ill or suspected to be ill, 4,320 caregivers sought some type of care, including care from a health facility (n = 370) or provider (n = 1,813). [Plos Medicne]. URL:[].

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  • Hadley K Herbert & Anne CC Lee & Aruna Chandran & Igor Rudan & Abdullah H. Baqui, 2012. "Care Seeking for Neonatal Illness in Low- and Middle- Income Countries: A Systematic Review," Working Papers id:4895, eSocialSciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:4895
    Note: Institutional Papers

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    1. repec:eee:socmed:v:195:y:2017:i:c:p:123-130 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Mukolo, Abraham & Cooil, Bruce & Victor, Bart, 2015. "The effects of utility evaluations, biomedical knowledge and modernization on intention to exclusively use biomedical health facilities among rural households in Mozambique," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 138(C), pages 225-233.


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