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Política económico-social y bienestar: El caso de Chile


  • Yael Baytelman
  • Kevin Cowan
  • José De Gregorio



Este trabajo presenta una descripción de los principales lineamientos que ha tenido la política económica y social chilena durante el período 1980-1997, centrándose en la política social de la última década. Durante los ochenta, el énfasis se dirigió hacia políticas de recuperación económica, liberalización, descentralización y asistencialidad social. Por su parte, durante los noventa se lleva a cabo una política económica orientada a consolidar los equilibrios macroeconómicos y reducir la inflación, así como a mantener niveles elevados de crecimiento. Junto con esto, en lo social se ha puesto énfasis en la disminución de la pobreza y en mejorar la igualdad de oportunidades y el acceso a una mejor calidad de vida para toda la población. Aunque las diferenciales de ingreso se han mantenido estables en la última década, los niveles de pobreza e indigencia se han reducido notoriamente, lográndose a la vez importantes avances en materia de bienestar.

Suggested Citation

  • Yael Baytelman & Kevin Cowan & José De Gregorio, 1999. "Política económico-social y bienestar: El caso de Chile," Documentos de Trabajo 56, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  • Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:56

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    Cited by:

    1. Cristóbal Huneeus & Andrea Repetto, 2005. "The Dynamics of Earnings in Chile," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series,in: Jorge Restrepo & Andrea Tokman R. & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Series Edi (ed.), Labor Markets and Institutions, edition 1, volume 8, chapter 12, pages 383-410 Central Bank of Chile.
    2. O'Ryan, Raúl & de Miguel, Carlos J. & Miller, Sebastian & Munasinghe, Mohan, 2005. "Computable general equilibrium model analysis of economywide cross effects of social and environmental policies in Chile," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(4), pages 447-472, September.

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