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Análisis económico del sistema de seguros de salud en Chile

Author

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  • Ronald D. Fischer

    ()

  • Pablo Serra

    ()

Abstract

La creciente preocupación en países desarrollados por el medio ambiente se ha utilizado como excusa para entrabar la importación de productos que compiten con aquellos de producción local. Por ello en este trabajo se examinan las amenazas que enfrenta Chile, y en particular el sector minero, por este motivo. Se discute en primer término las nuevas formas que está tomando el proteccionismo basado en preocupaciones ambientales. Luego se examina la situación ambiental actual de la minería chilena, en particular del cobre, las tendencias del sector y las potenciales amenazas a sus exportaciones. Se concluye que el sector minero de Chile se ha visto afectado por estas prácticas y que los costos de mejorar el desempeño ambiental son elevadísimos. Además, han aparecido nuevos instrumentos de naturaleza voluntaria que, basados en el enfoque de "ciclo de vida" del producto, se pueden utilizaron fines proteccionistas. Finalmente, hay varias iniciativas que intentan hacer aparecer a los metales en general y al cobre en particular como fuentes de riesgo a la salud humana y a los ecosistemas. Si ello prospera se corre el riesgo de perder importantes mercados.

Suggested Citation

  • Ronald D. Fischer & Pablo Serra, 1997. "Análisis económico del sistema de seguros de salud en Chile," Documentos de Trabajo 17, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  • Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:17
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ronald Fischer & Alejandra Mizala & Pilar Romaguera, 1998. "Financiamiento de la Salud en la Tercera Edad en el Sistema Isapre," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 35(104), pages 73-95.
    2. Larrañaga, Osvaldo, 1997. "Eficiencia y equidad en el sistema de salud chileno," Financiamiento para el Desarrollo 49, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    3. Ronald Fischer & Pablo González & Pablo Serra, 2003. "The Privatization of Social Services in Chile: an Evaluation," Documentos de Trabajo 167, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    4. Rodrigo Gutierrez & Pablo Serra & Ronald Fischer, 2003. "The Effects of Privatization on Firms and on Social Welfare: The Chilean Case," Research Department Publications 3150, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    5. Kifmann, Mathias, 1997. "To commit or not to commit: A health insurance monopoly with variable quality and uncertain types of individuals," Discussion Papers, Series I 288, University of Konstanz, Department of Economics.
    6. Ronald Fischer & Rodrigo Gutiérrez & Pablo Serra, 2002. "The Effects of Privatization on Firms and on Social Welfare," Documentos de Trabajo 131, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    7. Willington Manuel & Alegría Alexander, 2012. "Collusion in a One-Period Insurance Market with Adverse Selection," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 12(1), pages 1-32, April.
    8. Marcelo Tokman R., 2000. "Age segmentation in the Chilean health system," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 27(1 Year 20), pages 5-32, June.
    9. Felipe Morandé & Raimundo Soto, "undated". "Reformas Económicas en Chile: Una Perspectiva Institucional," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv121, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
    10. Kifmann, Mathias, 1997. "Die private Krankenversicherung in Chile: Vollversicherung oder Zusatzversicherung für ambulante Leistungen?," Discussion Papers, Series I 287, University of Konstanz, Department of Economics.

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