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La flexibilidad laboral en América Latina: las reformas pasadas y las perspectivas futuras


  • Cruces, Guillermo Antonio
  • Ham, Andrés


Este documento discute las implicaciones de la flexibilidad de los mercados laborales en el contexto de América Latina. El documento discute la necesidad de contar con mercados laborales que puedan adaptarse a una estructura moderna, pero discute cómo ciertas reformas en las últimas dos décadas en la región se implementaron primordialmente en términos del deterioro de las condiciones laborales y de la calidad del empleo. El documento presenta un análisis de la situación de los mercados laborales en América Latina, y discute el potencial y los límites para la región de los desarrollos recientes de propuestas de combinación de flexibilidad con seguridad en el empleo.

Suggested Citation

  • Cruces, Guillermo Antonio & Ham, Andrés, 2010. "La flexibilidad laboral en América Latina: las reformas pasadas y las perspectivas futuras," Documentos de Proyectos 291, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  • Handle: RePEc:ecr:col022:3771
    Note: Incluye Bibliografía

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Duncan Thomas & James P. Smith & Kathleen Beegle & Graciela Teruel & Elizabeth Frankenberg, 2002. "Wages, employment and economic shocks: Evidence from Indonesia," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 15(1), pages 161-193.
    2. Feenstra, Robert C., 1989. "Symmetric pass-through of tariffs and exchange rates under imperfect competition: An empirical test," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1-2), pages 25-45, August.
    3. L. ALAN WINTERS & NEIL McCULLOCH & ANDREW McKAY, 2015. "Trade Liberalization and Poverty: The Evidence So Far," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Non-Tariff Barriers, Regionalism and Poverty Essays in Applied International Trade Analysis, chapter 14, pages 271-314 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    4. Sushanta Mallick & Helena Marques, 2008. "Passthrough of Exchange Rate and Tariffs into Import Prices of India: Currency Depreciation versus Import Liberalization," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(4), pages 765-782, September.
    5. Alexander Schejtman & Albert Berry & Xavier Sala-i-Martin & Julio A. Berdegué & Victoria Florez & Pranab Bardhan & Paolo Giordano, 2009. "Trade and Poverty in Latin America," IDB Publications (Books), Inter-American Development Bank, number 15418 edited by Paolo Giordano, February.
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    9. Foster, William & Valdés, Alberto, 2010. "Incentivos agrícolas, crecimiento y pobreza en América Latina y el Caribe: evidencia de corte transversal para el período 1960-2005. ¿La liberalización comercial incrementó los ingresos de los más pob," Documentos de Proyectos 362, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    10. Porto, Guido G., 2006. "Using survey data to assess the distributional effects of trade policy," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 140-160, September.
    11. Goldberg, Pinelopi Koujianou & Pavcnik, Nina, 2005. "Trade, wages, and the political economy of trade protection: evidence from the Colombian trade reforms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 75-105, May.
    12. Nicita, Alessandro, 2009. "The price effect of tariff liberalization: Measuring the impact on household welfare," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(1), pages 19-27, May.
    13. François Bourguignon & Maurizio Bussolo & John Cockburn, 2010. "Guest Editorial - Macro-micro analytics: background, motivation, advantages and remaining challenges," International Journal of Microsimulation, International Microsimulation Association, vol. 3(1), pages 1-7.
    14. Ronald Fischer & Pablo Serra, 1996. "The gains from trade in an specific factor growth model," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 23(2 Year 19), pages 179-199, December.
    15. Schuschny, Andrés Ricardo & Durán Lima, José Elías & De Miguel, Carlos J., 2008. "Política comercial de Chile y los TLC con Asia: evaluación de los efectos de los TLC con Japón y China," Estudios Estadísticos 66, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
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