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Average-cost Pricing, Increasing Returns, and Optimal Output in a Model With Home and Market Production

Author

Listed:
  • Dingsheng Zhang
  • Yew-Kwang Ng

Abstract

The analysis of economies of specialization at the individual level by Yang & Shi (1992) and Yang & Ng (1993) is combined with the Dixit & Stiglitz (1977) analysis of monopolistic-competitive firms to show that, ignoring administrative costs and indirect effects (such as rent-seeking), even if both the home and the market sectors are produced under conditions of increasing returns and there are no pre-existing taxes, it is still efficient to tax the home sector to finance a subsidy on the market sector to offset the under-production of the latter due to the failure of price-taking consumers to take account of the effects of higher consumption in reducing the average costs and hence prices, through increasing returns or the publicness nature of fixed costs. Within market production, it is efficient to subsidise more the sector with a higher fixed cost, a lower elasticity of substitution between goods, and a lower degree of importance in preference which all increases the degree of increasing returns.

Suggested Citation

  • Dingsheng Zhang & Yew-Kwang Ng, 2004. "Average-cost Pricing, Increasing Returns, and Optimal Output in a Model With Home and Market Production," Econometric Society 2004 Australasian Meetings 322, Econometric Society.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecm:ausm04:322
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    Cited by:

    1. Shi, Hui, 2012. "The efficiency of government promotion of inbound tourism: The case of Australia," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 2711-2718.
    2. Yew-Kwang Ng, 2006. "Do the Economies of Specialization Justify the Work Ethics? A Further Examination of Buchanan's Hypothesis," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 7(2), pages 385-403, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    increasing returns; average-cost pricing; monopolistic competition; home production; optimal output; fixed costs.;

    JEL classification:

    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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