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Technology, Organisation and Productivity Performance in Services: Lessons from Britain and the United States, 1870-1990

Author

Listed:
  • Broadberry, Stephen

    (University of Warwick)

  • Sayantan Ghosal

Abstract

We document comparative productivity performance since 1870, showing the importance of services for US overtaking of Britain. The transition in market services from customised, low-volume, high-margin business organised on a network basis to standardised, high-volume, low-margin business with hierarchical management, is identified as a key factor. A model of the interaction between technology, organisation and economic performance is then provided, focusing on the transition from networks to hierarchies. We show that different technologies and organisational forms can co-exist efficiently and that technological change can cause difficulties of adjustment if it is not suited to the social capabilities of the society.

Suggested Citation

  • Broadberry, Stephen & Sayantan Ghosal, 2003. "Technology, Organisation and Productivity Performance in Services: Lessons from Britain and the United States, 1870-1990," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2003 30, Royal Economic Society.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecj:ac2003:30
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    productivity; services; technology; organisation; hierarchies; netwworks;

    JEL classification:

    • N10 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • C79 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Other

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