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Infrastructure Affordability in Developed and Developing Economies: Rules of Thumbs and Evidence


  • Antonio Estache
  • Lisa Bagnoli
  • Salvador Bertomeu


This note provides an overview of: (i) the threshold used in policy discussions to assess the extent to which users of an infrastructure service have an affordability problem or not for an acceptable level of consumption of the service as defined by international organizations or sometimes national governments; (ii) the average share of resources allocated to each infrastructure subsector for a sample of 90 countries for developing and emerging economies and for 26 European countries, as a proxy for developed countries practice; and (iii) an assessment of this share for consumption quartiles for developing economies and income quintiles for the European economies. It then produces a series of tables of regional averages which could be used to conduct rough benchmarkings of national observations. Discussions of data limitations and suggestions for additional work conclude the note.

Suggested Citation

  • Antonio Estache & Lisa Bagnoli & Salvador Bertomeu, 2018. "Infrastructure Affordability in Developed and Developing Economies: Rules of Thumbs and Evidence," Working Papers ECARES 2018-02, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  • Handle: RePEc:eca:wpaper:2013/264487

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    Cited by:

    1. Gandelman, Néstor & Serebrisky, Tomás & Suárez-Alemán, Ancor, 2019. "Household spending on transport in Latin America and the Caribbean: A dimension of transport affordability in the region," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 1-1.
    2. Lisa Bagnoli & Salvador Bertomeu & Antonio Estache & Maria Vagliasindi, 2020. "Are the Poor Better Off with Public or Private Utilities ?A Survey of the Academic Evidence on Developing Economies," Working Papers ECARES 2020-24, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.

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    énergie; transports; Europe; famille; industrie; société;
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