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Regional Settlement Infrastructure and Currency Internationalization : The Case of Asia and the Renminbi

Author

Listed:
  • Changyong Rhee

    (Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI))

  • Lea Sumulong

Abstract

The squeeze in United States dollar liquidity that emerged with the global financial crisis highlighted the risks inherent in the current global financial system. Asia was adversely affected by the crisis not only because of its dependence on trade, but also because of its heavy reliance on the US dollar for regional and international transactions. As Asia’s role in the global economy continues to expand, its dependence on the US dollar is bound to increase, raising further its vulnerability to future liquidity shocks. The use of regional currencies for bilateral trade settlement could reduce such vulnerability. As demonstrated by the renminbi trade settlement scheme piloted between the People’s Republic of China; Hong Kong, China; and Macao, China, the existence of appropriate financial infrastructure could reduce the relatively larger costs of bilateral currency transactions compared with triangular transactions through the United States dollar. As most central banks are securities depositories of government bonds, combining trade settlement with government bond securities settlement could also have large synergy effects without substantial extra costs. This proposal does not require full liberalization of the capital account or full deregulation of capital markets, and is more politically feasible in transition. As such, extending the trade settlement scheme to the rest of Asia and appending a government bond payment and securities settlement system could be a practical solution to international monetary system reform and the diversification of settlement currencies.

Suggested Citation

  • Changyong Rhee & Lea Sumulong, 2014. "Regional Settlement Infrastructure and Currency Internationalization : The Case of Asia and the Renminbi," Finance Working Papers 23968, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:financ:23968
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    File URL: http://www.eaber.org/node/23968
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    Cited by:

    1. Mikko Huotari & Sandra Heep, 2016. "Learning geoeconomics: China’s experimental financial and monetary initiatives," Asia Europe Journal, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 153-171, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    global financial system; global financial crisis; Currency Internationalization; Asia; Remminbi; financial infrastructure; caputal account liberalization;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission

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