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Expanding Beyond Borders : The Yen and the Yuan

Author

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  • Paola Subacchi

    (Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI))

Abstract

As all eyes are on the strategy and policy measures of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) to push the international use of the yuan, this paper turns to the internationalization of the Japanese yen and compares it with what the PRC is doing. There are some fundamental differences in the regional context and in the pattern of regional integration, and these distinguish the PRC’s current strategy from the Japanese experience in the 1980s. The yen’s development as an international currency, and the comparison with the PRC’s strategy, highlight the importance of regional integration as a way to overcome network externalities and market inertia. Using an analytical framework that assesses both the range of different roles (the scope) and geographical scale (the domain) of a currency in the global market, the paper suggests that economic fundamentals alone, albeit essential, are not sufficient to warrant a fully fledged scope and global domain of the currency. The paper concludes by suggesting that in the next decade the PRC yuan will become Asia’s leading currency due to the PRC’s deep economic integration in the region, and that the Japanese yen’s function as an international asset and store of value can be further enhanced if Tokyo’s competitiveness as a leading international financial center is improved.

Suggested Citation

  • Paola Subacchi, 2013. "Expanding Beyond Borders : The Yen and the Yuan," Finance Working Papers 23854, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:financ:23854
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    File URL: http://www.eaber.org/node/23854
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    Cited by:

    1. Hyoung-kyu Chey & Yu Wai Vic Li, 2016. "Bringing the Central Bank into the Study of Currency Internationalization: Monetary Policy, Independence, and Internationalization," GRIPS Discussion Papers 15-23, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies.
    2. Hyoung-kyu Chey, 2015. "Renminbi in Ordinary Economies: A Demand-side Study of Currency Globalization," China & World Economy, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 23(3), pages 1-21, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    the internationalization of the Japanese yen; the internationalization of the Chinese yuan; China; Japan; Currency Internationalization; International currency;

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

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