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Efectos del turismo y del capital humano sobre el desarrollo economico de las regiones españolas: Analisis comparativo con la Unión Europea, 1985-2000


  • Guisan, M.C.


  • AGUAYO, Eva



We analyse the effectos of tourism and other factors on regional development, including not only hotel tourism but also non hotel tourism, both of them with important effects on building and services activities, in order to compare Spanish regions with European Union regions. We find that while several Spanish regions are outstanding regions in the EU rankings of tourism development, several of them are under EU average regarding the development of human capital and industry. We conclude that more efforts should be addressed in Spain towards human capital and industry in all the regions where tourism development is not enough to guarantee convergence with the degree of development of the most developed European regions. El impacto positivo del turismo, tanto hotelero como extrahotelero, sobre el empleo es destacable no sólo en la hostelería y otros sectores de servicios, sino también en el sector de la construcción. Encontramos que mientras en el sector turístico varias regiones españolas ocupan lugares destacados, en otros factores que influyen en la creación de empleo la mayoría de las regiones ocupan un lugar muy bajo en el ranking europeo, especialmente en las relacionadas con el capital humano y con el nivel de desarrollo industrial. Analizamos los resultados de varios modelos econométricos europeos sobre el impacto de dichos factores y concluimos que la consolidación e impulso de las actividades turísticas en España debe ir acompañada del impulso a otros factores que también son importantes para la creación de empleo y el desarrollo económico, tratando de lograr un acercamiento al menos a la media de la UE en lo que respecta a los niveles de financiación y apoyo a la educación y a la investigación científica.

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  • Guisan, M.C. & AGUAYO, Eva, 2007. "Efectos del turismo y del capital humano sobre el desarrollo economico de las regiones españolas: Analisis comparativo con la Unión Europea, 1985-2000," Economic Development 97, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business. Econometrics..
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:ecodev:97

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    JEL classification:

    • L8 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes


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