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Modelos econométricos dinámicos y desarrollo económico: Análisis del salario real, la productividad y el empleo en los países de la OCDE, 1965-2005

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  • Guisan, M.C.

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Abstract

In order to analyses the propagation effect, which is of great importance in the analysis of dynamic relationships in studies of Economic Development, here we present a classification of dynamic models, having into account several situations retarding this important effect, including not only models with lags but also models without explicit lags but with propagation effect through one stock variable, as it happens in the case of the production function when real Gdp is explained by the supply side of primary inputs. We present a comparison of several dynamic specifications, including models in levels, in first differences, mixed dynamic models and Error Correction Models, to wages, productivity, employment and GDP in Spain and other OECD countries. The main conclusion regarding the dynamic model specification is that the mixed dynamic model is a good choice for many econometric applications. Analizamos el efecto propagación, que es de gran importancia en el análisis de relaciones dinámicas en estudios de desarrollo económico, y para ello presentamos una clasificación de los modelos dinámicos, teniendo en cuenta varias situaciones e incluyendo no sólo modelos con retardos sino también modelos sin retardos explícitos donde el efecto propagación se transmite a través de una variable stock, como es el caso de la función de producción cuando el PIB real es explicado por el lado de la oferta de inputs primarios. Presentamos una comparación de varias especificaciones dinámicas, incluyendo modelos en niveles, en primeras diferencias, dinámico mixto, y modelos de corrección de error, CE, aplicadas a los salarios, productividad, empleo y PIB en España y en otros países de la OCDE. La principal conclusión en relación con la especificación dinámica es que el modelo dinámico mixto as una buena elección en muchas aplicaciones econométricas.

Suggested Citation

  • Guisan, M.C., 2007. "Modelos econométricos dinámicos y desarrollo económico: Análisis del salario real, la productividad y el empleo en los países de la OCDE, 1965-2005," Economic Development 96, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business. Econometrics..
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:ecodev:96
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    JEL classification:

    • B41 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - Economic Methodology
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • O51 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - U.S.; Canada
    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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