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Desarrollo económico mundial en 1980-2005 y retos de la cooperación internacional

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  • M. Carmen Guisan

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Abstract

En este estudio presentamos una síntesis del desarrollo económico mundial en el período 1980-2005, incluyendo un análisis comparativo de la producción sectorial, el crecimiento demográfico e indicadores de educación, atención a la salud y calidad de vida, de 21 grandes áreas del mundo. Analizamos los principales factores y políticas que pueden impulsar el desarrollo socio-económico y contribuir a la disminución de la pobreza en los países con niveles más bajos de renta por habitante, especialmente en los que están situados por debajo de la media mundial. También se analizan los retos que afrontan los distintos agentes de cooperación internacional al desarrollo y se sugieren nuevas vías de cooperación entre los distintos agentes con objeto de lograr un impulso sustancial al desarrollo. Se present a summary of world development in the period 1980-2003, including a comparative analysis of production by sector, population growth and other selected indicators in 21 major areas of the world. We analyze the main factors and economic policies able to foster educational development, financing of health expenditure, quality of institutions and environment and to diminish poverty in developing countries, particularly in those with income per inhabitant below world average. We analyze the challenges faced up by the different agents of international cooperation to development and suggest new ways of cooperation among different agents with the aim to reach a substantial increase of development.

Suggested Citation

  • M. Carmen Guisan, 2006. "Desarrollo económico mundial en 1980-2005 y retos de la cooperación internacional," Economic Development 92, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business. Econometrics..
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:ecodev:92
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    JEL classification:

    • O51 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - U.S.; Canada
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
    • O56 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Oceania
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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