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Factores que inciden en el status epistemológico de la econometría

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  • Maria-Carmen Guisan

Abstract

En este estudio se analizan algunos aspectos de la teoría y de la sociología del conocimiento, que son de especial relevancia para la evolución científica de la Econometría y de la Economía. Se destacan algunas contribuciones de la Econometría Aplicada al avance de la Economía y del desarrollo económico en algunos países, así como su insuficiente impacto para el desarrollo mundial, y se analizan las limitaciones internas y externas que a veces dificultan el avance de la Economía como ciencia al servicio de la sociedad. La sección 3 se refiere a las limitaciones internas, del propio ambiente de la investigación económica, teniendo en cuenta problemas de las revistas científicas, criterios de promoción de los profesores universitarios y problemas en la transmisión de conocimientos a los estudiantes de grado y postgrado. Las secciones 4 y 5 se refieren a las limitaciones externas entre las que se encuentran: 1) Políticas científicas equivocadas, emanadas de los gobiernos de varios países, que tratan de imponer incentivos distorsionantes, de forma que condicionan el enfoque de muchas investigaciones hacia la rentabilidad competitiva en vez de orientarse hacia el avance del conocimiento al servicio de la sociedad. 2) Las barreras para la comunicación pública y el impacto social de la investigación econométrica y económica. We analyze some questions related with Knowledge Theory and Sociology which are relevant to understand some problems founded by econometricians and other economic researchers. This study highlights some contributions of Applied Econometrics to the advancement of Economics and Economic development in some countries, and its insufficient impact on global development, and analyzes the internal and external constraints that hinder the advancement of economics as science for society. Section 3 refers to the internal constraints in their own area of economic research, taking into account issues of journals, incentives for promoting academics and problems in the transmission of knowledge to undergraduate and graduate levels. Sections 4 and 5 refer to external constraints among which are: 1) misguided scientific policies emanating from the governments of several countries, trying to impose a policy based on rewards and punishments to scientists according to their adaptation to bureaucratic rules of competition for funding resources and the obsession to reach bureaucratic goals, which often distorts the objectives of research biasing it towards competitive promotion instead to be addressed to improve real knowledge and help for society. 2) The barriers to foster public communication and the social impact of economic and econometric research. Note: The article was originally written in Spanish and a link to an English version is included in the Annex.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria-Carmen Guisan, 2011. "Factores que inciden en el status epistemológico de la econometría," Economic Development 115, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business. Econometrics..
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:ecodev:115
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    JEL classification:

    • A1 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics
    • B4 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology

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