Charitable Giving and Income Taxation in a Life-Cycle Model: An Analysis of Panel Data
Recent econometric studies of the effect of taxes on charitable giving have called into question the behavioral parameters derived from cross-section models. In particular, these studies imply that taxes affect contributions primarily by influencing their timing, not their long-term levels. The current paper seeks to address this important policy issue by modeling charitable giving in a life-cycle model, with special reference to the effect of taxes and income. It employs a simple two-step estimator that provides consistent estimates of both persistent and transitory effects of income and prices on charitable giving. We estimate the model using a 12-year panel of individual tax returns collected by the Internal Revenue Service. The empirical findings of this paper indicate that persistent income shocks have substantially larger impacts on charitable behavior than transitory shocks. Additionally, there are substantial effects of persistent changes in the tax prices. Estimates of the elasticity with respect to the persistent component of price range from -0.6 to -1.1. While these are indeed smaller than conventional estimates, they would nevertheless imply that tax reforms have long-lasting effects on giving. We also estimate the variances of both transitory and persistent shocks. Variances of the persistent shocks of incomes and donations are increasing during the observation period, indicating a trend towards more inequality. The variance of persistent price shocks is decreasing, which is probably a direct result of tax reforms which were implemented during the sample period.
To our knowledge, this item is not available for
download. To find whether it is available, there are three
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.
|Date of creation:||1999|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Forthcoming in AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW, 2001.|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Department of Economics Duke University 213 Social Sciences Building Box 90097 Durham, NC 27708-0097|
Phone: (919) 660-1800
Fax: (919) 684-8974
Web page: http://econ.duke.edu/
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:duk:dukeec:99-03. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Department of Economics Webmaster)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.