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Factor Endowments and Regional Location of Production: Evidence from Vietnam


  • Pham Quang Ngoc

    () (Development and Policies Research Center, 216 Tran Quang Khai Street, Hanoi,Vietnam)


    () (UNU-MERIT, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands)


This paper uses inter-regional input-output data and factor endowments of Vietnam to examine the relationship between factor endowments and production patterns. We present a multi-sectoral integrated activity analysis model to examine that if labor and capital could reallocate across sectors and regions, what would be in a competitive benchmark the optimal output allocation across the three regions and from there to test various theories on the reasons for the directions of inter-regional trade in goods and/or factors of production. Using the results from the model that would indicate the interregional exchanges of intermediate inputs, final demand and value added, we examine the relationship between inter-regional flows of trade on endowments at the observed and optimal levels to test Heckscher-Ohlin theory. Are regional specializations due to differences in endowments, technologies or demand? We found that the Heckscher-Ohlin factor abundance specialization hypothesis is only supported by the data of regions stay in relative extreme level of factor abundance(Hanoi and Rest of Vietnam) but not holds true in case of Ho Chi Minh.

Suggested Citation

  • Pham Quang Ngoc & PIERRE MOHNEN, 2007. "Factor Endowments and Regional Location of Production: Evidence from Vietnam," Working Papers 08, Development and Policies Research Center (DEPOCEN), Vietnam.
  • Handle: RePEc:dpc:wpaper:0807

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    More about this item


    international trade; Heckscher-Ohlin; factor endowments; location of production; general equilibrium; input-output model;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods


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