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Factor Endowments and Regional Location of Production: Evidence from Vietnam

Listed author(s):
  • Pham Quang Ngoc


    (Development and Policies Research Center, 216 Tran Quang Khai Street, Hanoi,Vietnam)



    (UNU-MERIT, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands)

This paper uses inter-regional input-output data and factor endowments of Vietnam to examine the relationship between factor endowments and production patterns. We present a multi-sectoral integrated activity analysis model to examine that if labor and capital could reallocate across sectors and regions, what would be in a competitive benchmark the optimal output allocation across the three regions and from there to test various theories on the reasons for the directions of inter-regional trade in goods and/or factors of production. Using the results from the model that would indicate the interregional exchanges of intermediate inputs, final demand and value added, we examine the relationship between inter-regional flows of trade on endowments at the observed and optimal levels to test Heckscher-Ohlin theory. Are regional specializations due to differences in endowments, technologies or demand? We found that the Heckscher-Ohlin factor abundance specialization hypothesis is only supported by the data of regions stay in relative extreme level of factor abundance(Hanoi and Rest of Vietnam) but not holds true in case of Ho Chi Minh.

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Paper provided by Development and Policies Research Center (DEPOCEN), Vietnam in its series Working Papers with number 08.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: 2007
Handle: RePEc:dpc:wpaper:0807
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