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Gesundheit im Lebenslauf: zur relativen Bedeutung von Selektions- gegenüber Kausaleffekten am Beispiel des Familienstands


  • Rainer Unger


In diesem Beitrag wird der relative Anteil von Selektions- gegenüber Kausaleffekten bei den Gesundheitsunterschieden zwischen Verheirateten und Ledigen untersucht. Mit den Daten des Sozio-ökonomischen Panel (SOEP) werden Mehrzustands-Sterbetafeln berechnet, um sowohl Wechsel zwischen Gesundheitszuständen als auch Wechsel zwischen den Familienständen simultan im Lebensverlauf zu bestimmen. Dabei zeigt sich, dass - entgegen den bislang vorliegenden Untersuchungen, die jedoch den Selektionseinfluss nicht kontrollieren - dem Protektionseinfluss und damit einer kausalen Wirkung der Ehe auf den Gesundheitszustand keine Bedeutung zukommt. Vielmehr lässt sichder Gesundheitsunterschied vollständig auf die Selektion der Gesünderen in die Ehe erklären.

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  • Rainer Unger, 2007. "Gesundheit im Lebenslauf: zur relativen Bedeutung von Selektions- gegenüber Kausaleffekten am Beispiel des Familienstands," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 54, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp54

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hilke Almut Kayser & Joachim R. Frick, 2000. "Take It or Leave It: (Non-) Take-up Behavior of Social Assistance in Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 210, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    2. Riphahn, Regina T., 2000. "Rational Poverty or Poor Rationality? The Take-up of Social Assistance Benefits," IZA Discussion Papers 124, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Gert G. Wagner & Joachim R. Frick & Jürgen Schupp, 2007. "The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) – Scope, Evolution and Enhancements," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 127(1), pages 139-169.
    4. Joachim R. Frick & Ulrich Rendtel & Gert G. Wagner, 1993. "Eine Strategie zur Kontrolle von Längsschnittgewichtungen am Beispiel des Sozio-ökonomischen Panels (SOEP)," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 80, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    5. Wilde Joachim & Kubis Alexander, 2005. "Nichtinanspruchnahme von Sozialhilfe. Eine empirische Analyse des Unerwarteten / Non-take-up Behavior of Social Assistance in Germany. An Empirical Investigation of Unexpected Reactions," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 225(3), pages 347-373, June.
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    Gesundheit; Familie; Mehrzustands-Sterbetafel;

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